Soldiers, Politicians, and Civilians: Reforming Civil-Military Relations in Democratic Latin America

Soldiers, Politicians, and Civilians: Reforming Civil-Military Relations in Democratic Latin America

By: Rafael Martinez (author), David Pion-Berlin (author)Paperback

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Are interactions between soldiers, politicians, and civilians improving? Every nation has to come to grips with achieving a more enduring harmony between government, the armed forces, and society if it aspires to strengthen its democracy. While there is an abundance of studies on civil-military affairs, few examine all three of these actors, let alone establish any standards with which to assess whether progress is being made. This ambitious book devises a novel framework equipped with six dimensions, each of which opens a unique window into civil-military affairs, and which form a more integrated view of the subject. Those dimensions are accompanied by a set of benchmarks and metrics that assess progress and compare one country against another. The framework is applied to case studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay, with the conviction that insights could be gleaned that may be relevant elsewhere. Ultimately, by unpacking the civil-military relation into its various dimensions, this study has shed light on what it takes to transform what was once a politically-minded military into an organization dedicated to serving a democratic state and society.

About Author

David Pion-Berlin is a Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Riverside. He is widely known for his writings on civil-military relations, security, and human rights in Latin America. He is the author or editor of nine books, including Military Missions in Democratic Latin America (2016), Organizacion de la defensa y control civil de las Fuerzas Armadas en America Latina (with Jose Manuel Ugarte, 2013), and Through Corridors of Power: Institutions and Civil-Military Relations in Argentina (1997). His articles have appeared in Comparative Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Armed Forces and Society, and The Latin American Research Review. He has been a Fulbright Scholar and the recipient of numerous other grants and fellowships. Rafael Martinez is a Professor of Political Science at Universitat de Barcelona. He has been Research Fellow at L'Universite de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, Fondation nationale des sciences politiques (FNSP), Paris, and the University of California, Riverside. He has received the National Research Prize given by the Spanish Ministry of Defense (2002), and his publications include Los mandos de las Fuerzas armadas espanolas del siglo XXI (2007), which was awarded the Best Book Award 2008 by the Spanish Association of Political Science, and Debating Civil-Military Relations in Latin America (co-edited with David Mares, 2013).


Tables; Figures; Acknowledgments; Introduction; 1. Military reform, civil-military relations, and democratization; 2. Civil-military developments in the Southern Cone and Brazil: an overview; 3. Reducing military power; 4. Devising a new legal framework; 5. Building defense institutions; 6. Generating knowledge; 7. Achieving convergence; 8. Achieving effectiveness; 9. Explaining civil-military relations reform; Select bibliography; Index.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781316604434
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 414
  • ID: 9781316604434
  • weight: 590
  • ISBN10: 1316604438

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