This book presents a range of applications for low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It applies both scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy to in situ studies of structures of substrates and adsorbates during electrochemical measurements. It then presents a theoretical approach to modelling the electrochemical interface.
1. From Electrochemistry to Molecular-Level Research on the Solid-Liquid Electrochemical Interface: An Overview ; 2. Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Interfacial Electrochemical Processes: Electric Double Layer Screening ; 4. Fundamental Thermodynamic Aspects of the Underpotential Deposition of Hydrogen, Semiconductors, and Metals ; 5. Micrometer-Scale Imaging of Native Oxide on Silicon Wafers by Using Scanning Auger Electron Spectroscopy ; 6. Growth Kinetics of Phosphate Films on Metal Oxide Surfaces ; 7. The Effects of Bromide Adsorption on the Underpotential Deposition of Copper at the Pt(111)-Solution Interface ; 8. Electron Spectroscopy Studies of Acidified Water Surfaces ; 9. Electrochemical Digital Etching: Atomic Level Studies of CdTe(100) ; 10. Adsorption of Bisulfate Anion on the Au(111), Pt(111), and Rh(111) Surfaces: A Comparative Study ; 11. Ex Situ Low-Energy Electron Diffraction and Auger Electron Spectroscopy and Electrochemical Studies of the Underpotential Deposition of Lead on Cu(100) and Cu(111) ; 12. Anion Adsorption and Charge Transfer on Single-Crystal Electrodes ; 13. In Situ Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Organic Molecules Adsorbed on Iodine-Modified Au(111), Ag(111), and Pt(111) Electrodes ; 14. Structure of the GaAs(100) Surface During Electrochemical Reactions Determined by Electrochemical Atomic Force Microscopy ; 15. Microfabrication and Characterization of Solid Surfaces Patterned with Enzymes or Antigen-Antibodies by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy ; 16. Electroactive Polymers: An Electrochemical and In Situ Scanning Probe Microscopy Study ; 17. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies of Thin Anodic Oxide Overlayers on Metal and Alloy Single-Crystal Surfaces ; 18. Structure and Catalysis of Rh-Pt(100), Rh-Pt(110), Pt-Rh(100), and Pt-Rh(110) Surfaces Prepared by Electrochemical Metal Deposition ; 19. Electron Spectroscopy and Electrochemical Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of the Solid-Liquid Interface: Iodine-Catalyzed Dissolution of Pd(110) ; 20. Electrocatalysis of Formic Acid and Carbon Monoxide with Probe Adlayers of Carbon and Ethylidyne on Pt(111) ; 21. Photooxidation Reaction of Water on an Electrode: Investigation of a Previously Proposed New Mechanism by Addition of Alcohols to the Electrolyte ; 22. The Behavior of Pyrazine and Monoprotonated Pyrazine Adsorbed on Silver Electrodes: A Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Study ; 23. Temperature Dependence of Growth of Surface Oxide Filmson Rhodium Electrodes