What divides and what unites an ethnically diverse citizenry? From reconciling historical adversaries to addressing whether multicultural policies cause or cure ethnic conflict, George Vasilev explores how solidarity comes about in divided societies. Spanning from small and seemingly insignificant everyday acts to the heady and determined activism of NGOs and international organisations, this book identifies promising new routes for the expansion of mutual responsibility in a world where ethnic conflict is enduring and pervasive. This is the first systematic exploration of solidarity in divided societies. It identifies avenues for conflict transformation beyond and below the nation state. It examines the relationship between solidarity, multicultural policies and deliberative democracy. It advances a conception of solidarity where cultural difference and disagreement define human relations.