This book combines a theoretical and empirical cross-national perspective to examine how societal transformations in European welfare states affect patterns of solidarity between men and women, and across generations.
The authors' research has highlighted substantial discrepancies in various countries between the assumptions made at the macro-level of social policy on family issues and the reality of women's and men's contributions at home. In countries where social policy relies on family solidarity as the main source of support, this may result in growing social inequality. Finally, the chapters reveal the crucial role of women in the transformation of family life and welfare state policy. These conclusions could have important ramifications for European welfare policy.
The cross-national perspective allows for a detailed understanding of the similarities and differences between the various European countries and their policies. Solidarity Between the Sexes and the Generations will appeal to scholars and researchers of social policy, sociology and welfare as well as women and gender studies. Because of its comparative perspective the book is also of interest to those involved in developing social policy in European countries.
Edited by Trudie Knijn, Professor of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Utrecht University and Aafke Komter, Professor of Social Science, University College, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Contents: Introduction Part I: Transformations in the Relationship between the Public and the Private 1. The Rediscovery of Family Solidarity 2. Family Solidarity and Social Solidarity: Substitutes or Complements? 3. Shifting Patterns of Solidarity and Responsibility: In Search of a Micro Perspective 4. Individualization and the Need for New Forms of Family Solidarity 5. De-Familialization or Re-Familialization? Trends in Income-Tested Family Benefits Part II: Cross-National Comparisons of Demographic Trends 6. Changes in Family Patterns and People's Lives: Western European Trends 7. Fertility and Nuptiality in the CEE Countries in the Context of Weakening Families and a Weakening State Part III: Shifting Patterns of Family Solidarity 8. Some Darker Sides of Family Solidarity 9. Kinship Support, Gender and Social Policy in France and Spain 10. `What are Children for? Reciprocity and Solidarity between Parents and Children 11. Post-Industrial Families: New Forms of Bonding? 12. Trends in Women's Employment, Domestic Service, and Female Migration: Changing and Competing Patterns of Solidarity Index