Without a thorough knowledge of the appearance of normal anatomy, you may have a tough time recognizing abnormalities in ultrasound images. Get a firm grounding in normal anatomy and physiology from an ultrasound perspective with Sonography: Introduction to Normal Structure and Function, 4th Edition. The new edition of this highly visual introductory text presents a wealth of ultrasound images, accompanied by labeled drawings with detailed legends, to increase your comfort with normal anatomy as it appears during scanning. Its consistent chapter format makes the content easy to navigate and reinforces the discipline of following a standard protocol to scan each area of the body.
Detailed line drawings accompany most sonograms to explain what you should notice on each scan. If you do not see the structure, or are uncertain of it on the image, you can look at the diagram for confirmation.
Over 1,500 images provide a thorough, visual understanding of sonography.
Consistent organization with a standardized heading scheme helps you when searching for information.
Content on quality control protocols in the clinical setting shows you how to recreate the most optimal scanning settings and techniques.
Evolve resources provide you with additional learning tools.
NEW! Full 4-color design incorporates color images within the appropriate chapter to help you understand the concepts without having to flip to the front of the book - and highlights the important points within each chapter.
NEW! Three all-new chapters bring you the most up-to-date information on fetal echocardiography, laboratory values, and ergonomics.
NEW! Updated sonograms demonstrate the latest and best images from the newest equipment, including 3D and 4D images.
NEW! Expanded Test Bank, with new questions for each chapter, provides 1,000 questions on the material.
Section I: Clinical Applications 1. Before and After the Ultrasound Examination 2. Ultrasound Instrumentation: "Knobology," Imaging Processing, and Storage 3. General Patient Care 4. NEW! Introduction to Ergonomics and Sonographer Safety Section II: Sonographic Approach to Understanding Anatomy 5. Interdependent Body Systems 6. Anatomy Layering and Sectional Anatomy 7. First Scanning Experience 8. Embryology 9. NEW! Introduction to Laboratory Values Section III: Abdominal Sonography 10. The Abdominal Aorta 11. The Inferior Vena Cava 12. The Portal Venous System 13. Abdominal Vasculature 14. The Liver 15. The Biliary System 16. The Pancreas 17. The Urinary System 18. The Spleen 19. The Gastrointestinal System Section IV: Pelvic Sonography 20. The Male Pelvis 21. The Female Pelvis Section V: Obstetric Sonography 22. First Trimester Obstetrics 23. Second and Third Trimester Obstetrics 24. High-Risk Obstetrical Sonography 25. NEW! Fetal Echocardiography Section VI: Introduction to Specialty Sonography 26. The Neonatal Brain Section VII: Small Parts Sonography 27. Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands 28. Breast Sonography 29. Penis and Scrotum Section VIII: Superficial Sonography 30. Pediatric Echocardiography 31. Adult Echocardiography 32. Vascular Technology Section IX: Advances in Sonography 33. 3D/4D Sonography 34. Interventional and Intraoperative Sonography