Presents a visual, step-by-step method for scanning and image documentation to provide diagnostic sonograms for physicians. Scanning principles and specific instructions are provided to improve the quality of sonographic studies and establish standardization. The text includes criteria for professionalism and clinical skills, plus requisites for handling ultrasound equipment, image labeling, image technique, and case presentation. A universal method for scanning and documenting pathologies is provided. The protocol chapters provide detailed scanning protocols for the major blood vessels and organs of the abdomen, the male and female pelvic regions and obstetrics. Protocols for the abdomen, scrotum, thyroid gland, breast, neonatal brain, vascular and cardiac systems are also included.
Scanning principles and step-by-step instructions on how to scan and document images help users establish standardization and image documentation for physician diagnostic interpretation.
Scanning protocols that follow AIUM guidelines provides the essential information on patient prep, transducers, breathing techniques, comprehensive surveys, and required images. The location of specific vessels or organs, anatomy and physiology, sonographic appearance, and normal variations are also included.
Sonographic ergonomics and proper use of equipment help sonographers avoid occupational injuries.
Scanning protocol for pathology provides the criteria for evaluating and documenting abnormal sonographic findings, describing those findings within legal parameters, and relating those findings to the interpreting physician.
Review questions at the end of each chapter give users the ability to self-review.
NEW! Transducer location drawings included on images helps users understand exactly where on the body they should scan to produce a particular image.
NEW! Musculoskeletal chapter provides musculoskeletal coverage for those sonographers interested in this specialty.
NEW! Two-color streamlined design enhances readability and allows for more images on the page.
NEW! 300 new images demonstrate superior quality images from the latest state-of-the-art ultrasound equipment.
NEW! Pedagogy including key terms and objectives is included at the beginning of each chapter to specify chapter expectations and focus study.
Part I: General Principles 1. Clinical Principles 2. Scanning Planes and Scanning Methods Part II: Pathology 3. Scanning Protocol for Abnormal Findings Part III: Abdominal Scanning Protocols 4. Abdominal Aorta Scanning Protocol 5. Inferior Vena Cava Scanning Protocol 6. Liver Scanning Protocol 7. Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Scanning Protocol 8. Pancreas Scanning Protocol 9. Renal Scanning Protocol 10. Spleen Scanning Protocol Part IV: Pelvic Scanning Protocols 11. Female Pelvis Scanning Protocol 12. Transvaginal Sonography 13. Obstetrics Scanning Protocol for First, Second, and Third Trimesters 14. Male Pelvis Scanning Protocol for the Prostate Gland, Scrotum, and Penis Part V: Small Parts Scanning Protocols 15. Musculoskeletal Scanning Protocol 16. Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands Scanning Protocol 17. Breast Scanning Protocol 18. Neonatal Brain Scanning Protocol Part VI: Vascular Scanning Protocols 19. Abdominal Doppler and Color Flow 20. Cerebrovascular Duplex Scanning Protocol 21. Peripheral Arterial and Venous Duplex Scanning Protocols Part VII: Echocardiography 22. Adult Echocardiography Scanning Protocol 23. Pediatric Echocardiography Scanning Protocol Appendices A. Guidelines for Performance of the Abdominal and Retroperitoneal Ultrasound Examination B. Guidelines for Performance of the Scrotal Ultrasound Examination C. Guidelines for Performance of the Antepartum Obstetrical Ultrasound Examination D. Guidelines for Performance of the Ultrasound Examination of the Female Pelvis E. Guidelines for Performance of the Ultrasound Examination of the Prostate (and Surrounding Structures)