This landmark reference contains the global sorghum and millet pathology community's decennial summary of diseases and work in progress based primarily on contributions to the Third Global Conference on Sorghum and Millets Diseases in September 2000, sponsored by INTSORMIL, ICRISAT, and INIFAP. Editor John Leslie has expanded the book's coverage beyond the conference presentations to guarantee a well-rounded treatment of sorghum and millet diseases. One hundred and ninety-seven authors from thirty countries contribute to a truly global picture.This critical review provides a unique, long-term analysis of different issues during the last quarter century, a summary of the current critical problems, and an evaluation of the sorghum and millet community's progress since its previous meeting in 1988. Perhaps the book's greatest value lies in defining the research agenda for these crops and their diseases for the next ten years. As such, it is an indispensable resource for plant pathologists and other crop scientists, policy makers, sociologists, and others involved in tropical or subtropical agriculture.
John F. Leslie, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, Throckmorton Plant Sciences Center, Kansas State University, Manhattan
Preface Addresses of Contributors I. Transition From the Previous Millenium 1. Transition from the Second to the Third World Review of Sorghum and Millet Diseases 2. Sorghum Worldwide II. Millet Biology & Diseases 3. Diseases of Finger Millet - A Global Overview 4. Gene Management and Breeding for Downy Mildew Resistance 5. Problems and Control Strategies for a New Millennium 6. Identification of Resistance to Downy Mildew and Smut of Pearl Millet in Ghana 7. Boosting Pearl Millet Yields with Apron Plus(R) and Apron Star(R) Seed Treatments 8. Variability in Sclerospora graminicola, the Pearl Millet Downy Mildew Pathogen 9. Pearl Millet Ergot Research: Advances and Implications 10. The Dynamic Multi-Line Population: An Alternative Approach to Durable Resistance? III. Sorghum Ergot 11. Recommendations from the Ergot Working Group at the Third Global Conference on Sorghum and Millets Diseases 12. Distribution and Diversity of the Sorghum Sugary Disease Pathogens in India 13. Survival of Inoculum of Claviceps africana in Zimbabwe: Potential Sources of Initial Inoculum 14. Response of Sorghum B and R Lines to Ergot (Claviceps africana) at Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico 15. Four Genotypes of Claviceps spp. Cause Sorghum Ergot in Australia 16. Biosynthesis of Bioactive Honeydew Oligosaccharides by Sorghum Ergot Pathogens 17. Genotype Environment Effects on the Response of Sorghum to Ergot and Repercussions for Disease Screening 18. Effect of Cold Degree Units on Incidence of Claviceps africana in Sorghum Hybrids 19. Advances in Claviceps africana Chemical Control 20. Relationship Between Climatic Variables and Claviceps africana Incidence on Sorghum Hybrids in Northern Mexico 21. Differences in Ergot Vulnerability Among Sorghum Genotypes and the Relationship Between Stigma Receptivity and Ergot Vulnerability 22. Sorghum Ergot (Claviceps africana) in Mexico 23. Quarantine Issues Arising from Contamination of Seed with Ergot: An Update 24. Detection of Sclerotia of Claviceps africana in the Western Hemisphere 25. Factors Associated with Ergot Resistance in Sorghum 26. Ergot and its Impact on Hybrid Sorghum Seed Production in Venezuela 27. The Genus Claviceps: Evolution at Work 28. An Overview of the Biology of Sorghum Ergot 29. Intra-Specific Variation in Claviceps africana IV. Striga 30. Striga Control in Sudan: An Integrated Approach 31. Striga: Biological Control Strategies for a New Millenium V. Pathogen Variability 32. Sorghum Grain Mold: Through the 1990s into the New Millenium 33. Stalk Rots of Sorghum 34. A Population Genetic Approach to Variation in Colletotrichum graminicola, the Causal Agent of Sorghum Anthracnose 35. Will the Real "Fusarium moniliforme" Please Stand Up! 36. Sorghum Anthracnose - Problem and Management Strategies 37. Genetic Variability Among and Within Host-Specialized Isolates of Sporisorium reilianum 38. Grain Mold Fungi from Sorghum in Ghana 39. Mycotoxins from Fungal-Infected Sorghum: Claviceps, Fusarium and the Striga Connection VI. Molecular Biology, Genome Mapping & Host Plant Resistance 40. Identification of Molecular Markers for Oval Leaf Spot Resistance in Sorghum 41. Pearl Millet Genomics and Breeding for Resistance to Downy Mildew 42. Molecular Tags for Disease Resistance Genes in Sorghum: Improved Prospects for Mapping VII. Sorghum Breeding & Disease Physiology 43. Developmental Stages of Sorghum Caryopses with Emphasis on the Aleurone Transfer Cell and Placental Sac 44. Plant Parasitic Nematodes of Sorghum and Pearl Millet: Emphasis on Africa 45. Evaluation of Reduced Sorghum Seed Germination 46. Free and Bound Phenolic Acids in Mature Sorghum Caryopses as Affected by Inoculation with Fusarium thapsinum 47. Breeding Sorghum for Resistance to Anthracnose, Grain Mold, Downy Mildew, and Head Smuts 48. Breeding for Resistance to Root and Stalk Rots in Sorghum 49. Antifungal Proteins and Other Mechanisms in the Control of Sorghum Stalk Rot and Grain Mold VIII. Technology & Approaches to Disease Management 50. The Role of Sorghum in the Overseasoning of Gibberella zeae 51. Rapid Information Dissemination on the World Wide Web 52. Agrobiodiversity in Pest Management 53. Sorghum On-Line Crop Information 54. Sorghum Grain Quality for Increased Utilization IX. Collaboration & Its Implementation 55. Public-Private Partnerships in International Agricultural Research: A Case for Promoting Technology Transfer and Enhancing Global Trade in Sorghum and Millet 56. Changing Paradigms in the Design and Implementation of Collab-orative Research 57. Private Sector and Public Institution Interactions on Sorghum and Pearl Millet Disease Management 58. Examples of ICRISAT's Research and Development Partnerships in Sorghum and Millet Improvement 59. PROFIT - Productive Rotations On Farms In Texas X. Country & Regional Disease Reports 60. Recommendations from the Working Group for the Americas at the Third Global Confer-ence on Sorghum and Millets Diseases 61. Recommendations from the African Working Group at the Third Global Conference on Sor-ghum and Millets Diseases 62. Recommendations from the Working Group for Asia/Australia at the Third Global Conference on Sorghum and Millets Diseases 63. Sorghum Diseases in Brazil 64. Sorghum and Pearl Millet Diseases in the Horn of Africa 65. Sorghum Diseases in Argentina 66. Diseases of Sorghum and Pearl Millet in Asia 67. Virus Diseases of Sorghum and Millet in the Americas and Australia 68. The Status of Sorghum Diseases in Russia 69. Current Status of Sorghum Diseases in Venezuela 70. Sorghum and Pearl Millet Diseases in West and Central Africa 71. Diseases of Sorghum and Pearl Millet in Some Southern African Countries 72. Sorghum viruses in Asia and Africa 73. Status of Sorghum and Pearl Millet Dis-eases in Australia 74. Recurring and Emerging Sorghum Diseases in North America 75. Sorghum and Millet Diseases in Mexico 76. Diseases of Pearl Millet in the Americas XI. Abstracts 77. Fungal Contaminants and Mycotoxins on Stored Pearl Millet Grain 78. A Physiological Approach to Resistance Breeding for Control of Seed Rot and Seedling Diseases of Grain Sorghum 79. Development of Durable Johnson-grass Mosaic Virus (JGMV) Resistance in Sorghum via a Transgenic Approach 80. Farmer Participatory Studies on Finger Millet in Western Kenya 81. Differentiation of Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium proliferatum Isolates Causing Sorghum Grain Mold by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Analysis 82. Phytoalexin Synthesis by Sorghum Grain in Response to Grain Mold 83. Effect of Sorghum Sowing Dates on Grain Mold Development in Morelos State, Mexico 84. Present Status of Sorghum Pathology in Cameroon 85. Identification of Host Plant Resistance to Ergot in Sorghum 86. Relationship of Stay Green to Charcoal Rot and Lodging in Sorghum 87. The Importance of Public-Private Sector Partnerships to Indian Sorghum Farmers 88. Resistance to Fusarium Stalk Rot in Grain Sorghum 89. Access to the Next Generation of Sustainable Control of Covered Kernel Smut of SorghumIndex