Underwater acousticians and acoustical oceanographers use sound as the premier tool to determine the detailed characteristics of physical and biological bodies and processes at sea. Sounds in the Sea is a comprehensive and accessible textbook on ocean acoustics and acoustical oceanography. The first nine chapters provide the basic tools of ocean acoustics. The following fifteen chapters are written by many of the world's most successful ocean researchers. These chapters describe modern developments, and are divided into four sections: Studies of the Near Surface Ocean; Bioacoustical Studies; Studies of Ocean Dynamics; and Studies of the Ocean Bottom. This is an invaluable textbook for any course in ocean acoustics for the physical and biological ocean sciences, and engineering. It will also serve as a reference for researchers and professionals in ocean acoustics, and an excellent introduction to the topic for scientists from related fields.
Herman Medwin (1920-2006) was Emeritus Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California. He was a Fellow and Past President of the Acoustical Society of America, and won both the Silver and Gold Medals in Acoustical Oceanography from the Society. He was co-author, with C. S. Clay, of the influential textbooks Acoustical Oceanography (1977) and Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography (1998). He authored over 100 professional articles in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America and Journal of Geophysical Research, and others.
Acknowledgements; About the authors; Preface; Part I. Fundamentals Herman Medwin: 1. Sound propagation in a simplified sea; 2. Transmission and attenuation along sound paths; 3. Sound sources and receivers; 4. Intense sounds: non-linear phenomena; 5. Interpreting ocean sounds; 6. Sound radiated or scattered by prototype marine bodies and bubbles; 7. Ocean bio-acoustics; 8. Ocean waveguides, rough surfaces, barriers, escarpments, and seamounts; 9. Scatter and transmission at ocean surfaces; Part II. Studies of the Near Surface Ocean: 10. Acoustical studies of the upper ocean boundary layer David M. Farmer; 11. Using underwater sound to measure raindrop size distribution Jeffrey A. Nystuen; Part III. Bio-Acoustical Studies: 12. Active acoustical assessment of plankton and micronekton D. Vance Holliday and Timothy K. Stanton; 13. Models, measures, and visualizations of fish backscatter John K. Horne and Josef M. Jech; 14. Bioacoustic absorption spectroscopy: a new approach to monitoring the number and lengths of fish in the ocean Orest Diachok; 15. Passive acoustics as a key to the study of marine animals Douglas H. Cato, Michael J. Noad and Rob McCauley; 16. The acoustical causes of collisions between marine mammals and vessels Edmund R. Gerstein and Joseph E. Blue; 17. Whale monitoring Ching-Sang Chiu and Christopher W. Miller; Part IV. Studies of Ocean Dynamics: 18. Ocean acoustic tomography Robert Spindel; 19. Acoustic time reversal in the ocean David R. Dowling and Heechun Song; 20. Studies of turbulent processes using Doppler and acoustic scintillation techniques Daniela Di Iorio and Anne Gargett; 21. Very high frequency coastal acoustics T. G. Leighton and Gary J. Heald; Part V. Studies of the Ocean Bottom: 22. Acoustical imaging of deep ocean hydrothermal flows David Palmer and Peter Rona; 23. Remotely imaging underwater mountain ranges in minutes Nicholas Makris; 24. Acoustic remote sensing of the sea bed using propeller noise from a light aircraft Michael Buckingham.