Between the generations of Thomas Jefferson and Jefferson Davis, the culture of white Southerners experienced significant changes, including the establishment of a normative male identity that exuded confidence, independence, and power. Southern Sons, the first work in masculinity studies to concentrate on the early South, explores how young men of the southern gentry came of age between the 1790s and the 1820s. Lorri Glover examines how standards for manhood came about, how young men experienced them in the early South, and how those values transformed many American sons into southern nationalists who ultimately would conspire to tear apart the republic they had been raised to lead.
This was the first generation of boys raised to conceive of themselves as Americans, as well as the first cohort of self-defined southern men. They grew up believing that the fate of the American experiment in self-government depended on their ability to put away personal predispositions and perform prescribed roles. Because men faced demanding gender norms, boys had to pass exacting tests of manhood-in education, refinement, courting, careers, and slave mastery. Only then could they join the ranks of the elite and claim power in society.
Revealing the complex interplay of nationalism and regionalism in the lives of southern men, Glover brings new insight to the question of what led the South toward sectionalism and civil war.
Lorri Glover is the John Francis Bannon Professor in the Department of History at Saint Louis University. She is the author of All Our Relations: Blood Ties and Emotional Bonds among the Early South Carolina Gentry, also published by Johns Hopkins, and coauthor with Daniel Blake Smith of The Shipwreck That Saved Jamestown: The Sea Venture Castaways and the Fate of America.
AcknowledgmentsIntroductionPart I: Sons1. The First Duties of a Southern Boy2. Raising ''Self Willed'' SonsPart II: Gentlemen and Scholars3. The Educational Aspirations of Southern Families4. Creating Southern Schools for Southern Sons5. The (Mis)Behaviors of Southern Collegians6. The Southern Code of Gentlemanly Conduct7. Acting the Part of a GentlemanPart III: Patriarchs8. Supervising Suitors9. Winning a Wife10. Professions and the ''Circle about Every Man''11. Slaveholding and the Destiny of the Republic's Southern SonsEpilogueNotesEssay on SourcesIndex