During the 18th and 19th centuries, many travellers aimed to record their travels through Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Levant and Turkey by collecting souvenirs and mementos of places they had visited. This natural inclination took many different guises: from innocent activities such as making diaries and sketches, gathering academic knowledge or taking photographs, to acquiring souvenirs, very often antiquities. Other, more unscrupulous, travellers undertook journeys specifically to `collect' antiquities to form the basis of museum collections or to profit by re-selling them. Souvenirs and New Ideas explores the human desire to retain the memory of a journey by `collecting objects' with a series of essays examining the motivation of a variety of different travellers ranging from intrepid female solo travellers to European royalty. The acquisitions of these individuals ranged from tales of folklore and academic knowledge to the wholesale looting of Egyptian antiquities. Although the habit of `collecting antiquities' is deplored and condemned today, this volume sheds light on the attitudes behind the practice and seeks to strengthen our current beliefs about the value of cultural patrimony.
1. Malta, the Lycian Marbles and the Tomb of the English Lady(Joseph Attard Tabone) 2. Elsa Sophia von Kamphoevener, the Baroness of Fairy Tales(Cristina Erck) 3. Edward Libbey: An American Glass Magnate Collects in Egypt(Elaine Altman Evans) 4. Seeking the Collectors: Canakkale Jugs in UK Collections(Elizabeth French) 5. War and Peace and Travel and Writing: European Exploration in Egypt and the Sudan, 1798-1898(Eamonn Gearon) 6. An Irish Woman in Egypt: the Travels of Lady Harriet Kavanagh(Emmet Jackson) 7. Jeremiah Colman: A Norfolk Traveller in Egypt(Faye Kalloniatis) 8. A Thousand and One Books: The Early Travel Literature of Ludwig Keimer(Isolde Lehnert) 9. George Hoskins, Travels in Ethiopia and the History of Meroe(Robert G. Morkot) 10. Fortunes of War: Egyptologists in Cairo during the Second World War(Hana Navratilova) 11. Waynman Dixon: In the Shadow of the Needle(Ian Pearce) 12. Mrs William Grey and the Prince of Wales Coffins(Cynthia May Sheikholeslami) 13. Sir Robert Ainslie, Domenico Sestini and Luigi Mayer: A Case of Who Went Where, with Whom and When(Brian J. Taylor) 14. John Madox: A Diligent Traveller and his Scattered Legacy(John H. Taylor)