The worldwide rise of sovereign wealth funds is emblematic of the ongoing transformation of nation-state economic prospects. Sovereign Wealth Funds maps the global footprints of these financial institutions, examining their governance and investment management, and issues of domestic and international legitimacy. Through a variety of case studies--from the China Investment Corporation to the funds of several Gulf states--the authors show that the forces propelling the adoption and development of sovereign wealth funds vary by country. The authors also show that many of these investment institutions have identifiable commonalities of form and function that match the core institutions of Western financial markets. The authors suggest that the international legitimacy of sovereign wealth funds is based on the degree to which their design and governance match Western expectations about investment management. Undercutting commonplace assumptions about the emerging world of the twenty-first century, the authors demonstrate that even small countries with large and globally oriented sovereign wealth funds are likely to play a significant role in international relations.
Sovereign Wealth Funds considers how such financial organizations have altered not only the face of finance, but also the international geopolitical landscape.
Gordon L. Clark is professor and executive director of the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at the University of Oxford, and the Sir Louis Matheson Distinguished Visiting Professor at Monash University. Adam D. Dixon is lecturer and university research fellow at the University of Bristol and visiting research associate at the University of Oxford. Ashby H. B. Monk is a research director at Stanford University and senior research associate at the University of Oxford.
List of Figures and Tables ix Preface xi Acknowledgments xix 1Introduction 1 2The Rise of Sovereign Wealth Funds 13 3Rethinking the "Sovereign" in Sovereign Wealth Funds 30 4The Virtues of Long-Term Commitment: Australia's Future Fund 46 5The Ethics of Global Investment: Norway's Government Pension Fund 67 6Insurer of Last Resort: Singapore's Government Investment Corporation 86 7Legitimacy, Trade, and Global Imbalances: The China Investment Corporation 105 8Modernity, Imitation, and Performance: The Gulf States' Funds 121 9Conclusion: Form and Function in the Twenty-First Century 137 Appendix: Scoping Best Practice 155 Notes 163 References 173 Index 195