Space Safety and Human Performance

Space Safety and Human Performance

By: Jean-Francois Clervoy (editor), Gro Sandal (editor), Tommaso Sgobba (editor), Ms. Barbara G. Kanki (editor_in_chief)Hardback

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Description

Space Safety and Human Performance provides a comprehensive reference for engineers and technical managers within aerospace and high technology companies, space agencies, operators, and consulting firms. The book draws upon the expertise of the world's leading experts in the field and focuses primarily on humans in spaceflight, but also covers operators of control centers on the ground and behavior aspects of complex organizations, thus addressing the entire spectrum of space actors. During spaceflight, human performance can be deeply affected by physical, psychological and psychosocial stressors. Strict selection, intensive training and adequate operational rules are used to fight performance degradation and prepare individuals and teams to effectively manage systems failures and challenging emergencies. The book is endorsed by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS).

About Author

Barbara G. Kanki is currently a staff research psychologist in the Aerospace Human Factors Research Division of NASA-Ames Research Center and a principal investigator in the Crew Factors research group. Dr. Kanki received her graduate degree from the Behavioral Sciences Department at the University of Chicago, where she specialized in the areas of communication and group dynamics. She came to Ames Research Center in 1985 as a National Research Council post-doctoral associate and began work in the aeronautical doman by studying the relationship between crew communication and aircrew performance, using both full-mission simulation and field research methods. Although much of the Crew Factors research focuses on the study of aircrew team performance and training in air transport operations, the work generalizes to other domains in the aviation system, such as aircraft maintenance, as well as to ground-based space operations. As such, the program has grown to include payload and orbiter processing teams for NASA shuttle missions and other teams, such as aquanauts and mountaineering teams, whose work environments are analogous to space operations in critical respects. Jean -Francois Clervoy, is an ESA (European Space Agency) astronaut from France and brigadier general from DGA (French Defense Procurement Agency), served as a mission specialist twice aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-66 to study the atmosphere, and on mission STS-84 to re-supply the Russian space station Mir, and as a flight engineer aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on mission STS-103 to repair the Hubble Space Telescope. He has logged 28 days and 3 hours in 439 earth orbits. Since 2001 he has worked as a senior advisor astronaut for the ESA human space flight programs including the ATV Jules Verne project to re-supply the International Space Station. Still active in the European astronaut corps, he works also as Chairman of Novespace, a company which organizes parabolic flights with its Airbus ZERO-G for microgravity research and for public weightlessness discovery flights. Dr. Sandal is a professor of psychology at the Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen in Norway where she is a leader of a unit, the Society and Workplace Diversity Research Group. Her fields of expertise are work and organizational psychology, stress and coping, and cross-cultural psychology. Since the early 1990s, Gro Mjeldheim Sandal has been the Principal Investigator of large scales research projects funded by the European Space Agency focusing on psychological reactions during human spaceflights. The projects have included a number of simulation studies of multicultural crews isolated in hyperbaric chambers and personnel operating in other extreme environments (Antarctic research stations, polar expeditions, military settings, oil and gas-platforms). She is currently leading a psychological experiment on the ISS in collaboration with colleagues working for the Russian Space Agency. Her recent research has focused on the implications of individual and cultural differences in values for efficient co-working among crews in space as well as among ground-based personnel. A major aim of her research in space and analogue environments is to gain knowledge that can be applied for selection, training, and in-flight support. Until October 2012 Tommaso Sgobba has been responsible for flight safety at the European Space Agency (ESA), including human-rated systems, spacecraft re-entries, space debris, use of nuclear power sources, and planetary protection. He joined the European Space Agency in 1989, after 13 years in the aeronautical industry. Initially he supported the developments of the Ariane 5 launcher, several earth observation and meteorological satellites, and the early phase of the Hermes spaceplane. Later he became product assurance and safety manager for all European manned missions on Shuttle, MIR station, and for the European research facilities for the International Space Station. He chaired for 10 years the ESA ISS Payload Safety Review Panel, He was also instrumental in setting up the ESA Re-entry Safety Review Panel. Tommaso Sgobba holds an M.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from the Polytechnic of Turin (Italy), where he was also professor of space system safety (1999-2001). He has published several articles and papers on space safety, and co-edited the text book "Safety Design for Space Systems", published in 2009 by Elsevier, that was also published later in Chinese. He co-edited the book entitled "The Need for an Integrated Regulatory Regime for Aviation and Space", published by Springer in 2011. He is member of the editorial board of the Space Safety Magazine. Tommaso Sgobba received the NASA recognition for outstanding contribution to the International Space Station in 2004, and the prestigious NASA Space Flight Awareness (SFA) Award in 2007.

Contents

1. Introduction 2. Cognition Functions and Human Errors 3. Workload and Fatigue 4. Space Flight Environment 5. Physiological Performance and Capabilities 6. Physiological Resilience 7. Human Factors Research Methods and Tools 8. System Safety and Accidents Prevention 9. Human-System Interfaces Design 10. Human Automation Interaction 11. Human Factors and Safety in EVA 12. Human Reliability Analysis Methods and Tools 13. Human Factors in Mission Control Center 14. Organizational Factors and Safety Culture 15. Habitability and Habitat Design 16. Selection andTraining 17. Medical and Psychological Mission Support 18. Human Factors Mishap Investigation Appendix A: Habitat Volumetric Dimensions Allocation Appendix B: NASA Human Capability Limits Appendix C: Appendix C for Chapter 14 Appendix D: Quiet Fan Acoustic Benefits in the ISS Russian Segment Appendix E: Human Factors in the SpaceShip Two Investigation

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780081018699
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 944
  • ID: 9780081018699
  • weight: 1470
  • ISBN10: 008101869X

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  • Saver Delivery: Yes
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