The nineteenth-century Hispanic world was shattered to its core by war, civil war, and revolution. At the same time, it confronted a new period of European and North-American expansion and development. In these essays, authors explore major, dynamic ways that people in Spain envisaged how they would adapt and change, or simply continue as they were. Each chapter title begins with the words "How to...", and examines the ways in which Spaniards conceived or undertook major activities that shaped their lives. These range from telling the time to being a man. Adaptability, paradox, and inconsistency come to the fore in many of the essays. We find before us a human quest for opportunity and survival in a complex and changing world. This wide-ranging book contains chapters by leading scholars from the United States, United Kingdom, and Spain. -- .
Andrew Ginger is Chair of Spanish and Head of School of Languages, Cultures, Art History and Music at the University of Birmingham Geraldine Lawless is Lecturer in Spanish at Queens University, Belfast -- .
Introduction 1. How (not) to make a durable state - Natalia Sobrevilla Perea 2. How to be universal - Andrew Ginger 3. How to tell time - Geraldine Lawless 4. How to be religious under liberalism - Gregorio Alonso 5. How to prescribe a cure for the ills of art - Oscar Vazquez 6. How to know about right and wrong - Alison Sinclair 7. How to be a man - Collin McKinney 8. How to be a writer for the press - and how to write about it - Rhian Davies 9. How to be a cultural entrepreneur - Henriette Partzsch 10. How to be a man of letters - Raquel Sanchez 11. How to be an intellectual - Luis G. Martinez del Campo 12. How to live a colonial soldier's life - Catherine Davies Index -- .