Our experience of the world is influenced by numerous spatial biases, most of which influence us without our being aware of them. These biases are related to illusions and asymmetries in our perception of space, relationships between space and other qualities, dynamics of moving objects, dynamics of scene configuration, and dynamics related to perception and action. Consideration of these biases provides insight into how we perceive, remember, and navigate space, as well as how we interact with objects and people in space. This volume introduces and reviews numerous spatial biases, and provides descriptions and examples of each bias. The contributors discuss historical and current theories for many biases, and for some biases, provide new explanatory theories. Providing a 'one-stop shop' for information on such a key aspect of our experience in the world, this volume will interest anyone curious about our understanding of space.
Timothy L. Hubbard is an adjunct faculty member at Arizona State University and Adjunct Doctoral Dissertation Chair at Grand Canyon University, and was previously a Full Professor at Texas Christian University. He has published 83 papers in peer-reviewed journals, 12 chapters in various academic books, and over 100 scientific conference presentations. He is Consulting Editor for Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics and the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, and Associate Editor for Frontiers in Psychology. He has published scholarly reviews and empirical findings on several spatial biases and is a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and of the Psychonomic Society.
Part I. Anisotropies and Illusions: 1. Perceptual biases in elementary geometry Michael Morgan; 2. Perceptual anisotropies in visual space J. Antonio Aznar-Casanova; 3. Situated influences on spatial-numerical associations Krzysztof Cipora, Katarzyna Patro and Hans-Christoph Nurk; 4. S-R compatibility with physical and representational locations: the Simon, SMARC, and STEARC effects Carlo Umilta, Mario Bonato and Elena Rusconi; 5. Unraveling the paradox of spatial pitch Ophelia Deroy, Irune Fernandez-Preito, Jordi Navarra and Charles Spence; 6. Representational biases in space and language Alexander Kranjec; Part II. Dynamics of Objects: 7. Mislocalizations at the onset position of moving stimuli Jochen Musseler and Dirk Kerzel; 8. Influences on representational momentum Timothy L. Hubbard; 9. The flash-lag effect Timothy L. Hubbard; 10. Perceptual and motor biases in reference to gravity Myrka Zago; 11. Auditory biases in visual motion perception Wataru Teramoto, Souta Hidaka and Yoichi Sugita; 12. Adaptive biases in visual and auditory looming perception John G. Neuhoff; Part III. Dynamics in Scenes: 13. Expanding space: does imagination affect boundary extension for visual scenes? Helene Intraub; 14. Spatial contraries and mirrors Ivana Bianchi and Ugo Savardi; 15. Aesthetics and preferences in scene and spatial composition Timothy L. Hubbard; 16. Spatial biases in thought and judgment: reference theory Barbara Tversky; 17. Categorical influences on spatial bias Nora Newcombe; Part IV. Perception and Action: 18. Spatial bias after brain damage: the case of visual neglect Pom Charras, Juan Lupianez and Paolo Bartolomeo; 19. Natural regularities and coupled predictive perceptual and cognitive biases: why we evolved to systematically experience spatial illusions Michael McBeath; 20. Two 'inhibitions of return' bias orienting differently Raymond M. Klein and Ralph S. Redden; 21. Spatial biases from action Jessica K. Witt; 22. Spatial biases in navigation and wayfinding Jan M. Wiener and Tobias Meilinger; 23. Grounding social cognition in space Caterina Suitner and Thomas W. Schubert; 24. Forms of bias in cognitive science: moving beyond perception, action, and cognition J. Scott Jordan, Vincent Cialdella, Dan S. Schloesser and Jiuyang Bai.