Spatial analysis is an increasingly important tool for detecting and preventing numerous risk and crisis phenomena such as floods in a geographical area. This book concentrates on examples of prevention but also gives crisis control advice and practical case studies. Some chapters address urban applications in which vulnerabilities are concentrated in area; others address more rural areas with more scattered phenomena.
Introduction. Chapter 1. From Prevention to Risk Management: Use of GIS ( Sophie SAUVAGNARGUES-LESAGE ). 1.1. Introduction. 1.2. GIS and public security. 1.3. Examples of applications for public security. 1.4. Prospects for development. 1.5. Conclusion. 1.6. Bibliography. Chapter 2. Coupled Use of Spatial Analysis and Fuzzy Arithmetic: Assessing the Vulnerability of a Watershed to Phytosanitary Products ( Bertrand DE BRUYN, Catherine FREISSINET and Michel VAUCLIN ). 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. Construction of the index. 2.3. Implementation of fuzzy calculations. 2.4. Application to the watershed of Vannetin: vulnerability to atrazine. 2.5. Conclusion. 2.6. Bibliography. Chapter 3. Agricultural Non-Point Source Pollution ( Philippe BOLO and Christophe BRACHET ). 3.1. Introduction. 3.2. Mapping non-point source pollution phenomenon. 3.3. Territorial database building rules. 3.4. The data sources used. 3.5. Pollution risk zoning. 3.6. Risk zoning applications. 3.7. Conclusion. 3.8. Bibliography. Chapter 4. Cartographic Index and History of Road Sites that Face Natural Hazards in the Province of Turin ( Paola ALLEGRA, Laura TURCONI and Domenico TROPEANO ). 4.1. Introduction. 4.2. Principal risks. 4.3. Research area. 4.4. Working method. 4.5. Computer-based synthetic analysis and transcription of historical data and information collected on the research area. 4.6. First results. 4.7. Structure of computer thematic mapping. 4.8. Application and use of the method. 4.9. Bibliography. Chapter 5. Forest and Mountain Natural Risks: From Hazard Representation to Risk Zoning - The Example of Avalanches ( Frederic BERGER and Jerome LIEVOIS ). 5.1. Introduction. 5.2. Identification of protective forest zones. 5.3. Perspectives. 5.4. The creation of green zones in risk prevention plans. 5.5. Conclusion: general recommendations. 5.6. Bibliography. Chapter 6. GIS and Modeling in Forest Fire Prevention ( Marielle JAPPIOT, Raphaele BLANCHI and Franck GUARNIERI ). 6.1. Understanding forest fire risks. 6.2. Forest fire management: risk mapping and the use of spatial analysis. 6.3. Using GIS to map forest fire risks. 6.4. Conclusion. 6.5. Bibliography. Chapter 7. Spatial Decision Support and Multi-Agent Systems: Application to Forest Fire Prevention and Control ( Franck GUARNIERI, Alain JABER and Jean-Luc WYBO ). 7.1. Introduction. 7.2. Natural risk prevention support and the need for cooperation between the software programs. 7.3. Towards an intelligent software agent model to satisfy the cooperation between the decision-support systems dedicated to natural risk prevention. 7.4. Experiment in the field of forest fire prevention and control. 7.5. Conclusions and perspectives. 7.6. Bibliography. Chapter 8. Flood Monitoring Systems ( Jean-Jacques VIDAL and Noel WATRIN ). 8.1. Introduction. 8.2. Flood monitoring and warning. 8.3. Situation diversity. 8.4. Technical answers. 8.5. Conclusion. 8.6. Bibliography. Chapter 9. Geography Applied to Mapping Flood-Sensitive Areas: A Methodological Approach ( Christophe PRUNET and Jean-Jacques VIDAL ). 9.1. Introduction. 9.2. A geographic analysis of flooding. 9.3. A concrete example. 9.4. Bibliography. Chapter 10. Information Systems and Diked Areas: Examples at the National, Regional and Local Levels ( Pierre MAUREL, Remy TOURMENT and William HALBECQ ). 10.1. Context. 10.2. Analysis of the current situation for the management of diked areas. 10.3. Spatial dimension and integrated management of diked areas. 10.4. Examples of information systems dedicated to diked areas. 10.5. Recent progress and perspectives. 10.6. Bibliography. Chapter 11. Geomatics and Urban Risk Management: Expected Advances ( Jean-Pierre ASTE ). 11.1. Towns, risks and geomatics. 11.2. Prevention stakeholders: their responsibilities, their current resources and expectations. 11.3. Today's methods and tools: strengths and weaknesses. 11.4. New potentialities using geomatic methods and tools. 11.5. Some ongoing initiatives since the beginning of 2001. 11.6. Assessment and outlook: fundamental elements of future systems. 11.7. Bibliography. List of Authors. Index.