About the Author
Michael D. Ward is Professor of Political Science at Duke University. He is an affiliate of the Duke Network Analysis Center. His primary interests are in international relations (spanning democratization, globalization, international commerce, military spending, as well as international conflict and cooperation), political geography, as well as mathematical and statistical methods. Kristian Skrede Gleditsch is Professor in the Department of Government, University of Essex and a Research Associate at the Centre for the Study of Civil War, PRIO. His research interests include conflict and cooperation, democratization, and spatial dimensions of social and political processes. He is the author of All International Politics is Local: The Diffusion of Conflict, Integration, and Democratization (University of Michigan Press, 2002) and Spatial Regression Models (Sage, 2008, with Michael D. Ward) as well as articles in journals including American Journal of Political Science, American Political Science Review, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Biological Reviews, International Interactions, International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, Political Analysis, Political Psychology, and World Politics.