In the 1970s, news broke that former Nazis had escaped prosecution and were living the good life in the United States. Outrage swept the nation, and the public outcry put extreme pressure on the U.S. government to investigate these claims and to deport offenders. The subsequent creation of the Office of Special Investigations (OSI) marked the official beginning of Nazi-hunting in the United States, but it was far from its end. Thirty some years later, in November 2010, the New York Times obtained a copy of a confidential 2006 report by the Justice Department titled "The Office of Special Investigations: Striving for Accountability in the Aftermath of the Holocaust." The six-hundred-page report held shocking secrets regarding the government's botched attempts to hunt and persecute Nazis in the United States and its willingness to harbor and even employ these criminals after World War II. Drawing from this report alongside other sources, Spies, Lies, and Citizenship by Mary Kathryn Barbier exposes scandalous new information about infamous Nazi fugitives including Josef Mengele, Andrija Artukovic, Arthur Rudolph, Karl Waldheim, and Klaus Barbie, sheltered and protected in the United States and beyond, and the ongoing attempts to bring the remaining Nazis to justice.
Mary Kathryn Barbier is an associate professor of history at Mississippi State University. She is the author of several books, both for children and adults, including Kursk: The Greatest Tank battle Ever Fought 1943 (MBI Publishing Company, 2002) and D-Day Deception: Operation Fortitude and the Normandy Invasion (Praeger, 2007).
List of Illustrations Foreword by Dennis Showalter Acknowledgements List of Terms and Abbreviations Introduction - And So It Begins Chapter One: Office of Special Investigations, Department of Justice Chapter Two: Klaus Barbie - `Butcher of Lyons' Chapter Three: Josef Mengele - `Angel of Death' Chapter Four: Otto von Bolschwing and the Central Intelligence Agency Chapter Five: Kurt Waldheim - Patriot or Villain? Chapter Six: Andrija Artukovic - The Butcher of the Balkans Chapter Seven: Karl Linnas - Executioner in Estonia Chapter Eight: Operation Paperclip: Antecedents and Dubious Draftees Chapter Nine: Arthur Rudolph: Nazi Rocket Scientist, NASA Scientist, or Villain? Chapter Ten: Operation Paperclip and Scientists Who Avoided OSI Investigation Bibliography Index