In the 1970s, news broke that former Nazis had escaped prosecution and were living the good life in the United States. Outrage swept the nation, and the public outcry put extreme pressure on the U.S. government to investigate these claims and to deport offenders. The subsequent creation of the Office of Special Investigations (OSI) marked the official beginning of Nazi-hunting in the United States, but it was far from its end. Thirty some years later, in November 2010, the New York Times obtained a copy of a confidential 2006 report by the Justice Department titled "The Office of Special Investigations: Striving for Accountability in the Aftermath of the Holocaust." The six-hundred-page report held shocking secrets regarding the government's botched attempts to hunt and persecute Nazis in the United States and its willingness to harbor and even employ these criminals after World War II. Drawing from this report alongside other sources, Spies, Lies, and Citizenship by Mary Kathryn Barbier exposes scandalous new information about infamous Nazi fugitives including Josef Mengele, Andrija Artukovic, Arthur Rudolph, Karl Waldheim, and Klaus Barbie, sheltered and protected in the United States and beyond, and the ongoing attempts to bring the remaining Nazis to justice.
Mary Kathryn Barbier is an associate professor of history at Mississippi State University. She is the author of several books, including Kursk 1943: The Greatest Tank Battle Ever Fought and D-Day Deception: Operation Fortitude and the Normandy Invasion.Dennis Showalter is professor emeritus of history at Colorado College. He is the author of twenty-four books, including Armor and Blood: The Battle of Kursk, the Turning Point of World War II.
List of IllustrationsForeword by Dennis ShowalterAcknowledgementsList of Terms and AbbreviationsIntroduction - And So It BeginsChapter One: Office of Special Investigations, Department of JusticeChapter Two: Klaus Barbie - `Butcher of Lyons'Chapter Three: Josef Mengele - `Angel of Death'Chapter Four: Otto von Bolschwing and the Central Intelligence AgencyChapter Five: Kurt Waldheim - Patriot or Villain?Chapter Six: Andrija Artukovic - The Butcher of the BalkansChapter Seven: Karl Linnas - Executioner in EstoniaChapter Eight: Operation Paperclip: Antecedents and Dubious DrafteesChapter Nine: Arthur Rudolph: Nazi Rocket Scientist, NASA Scientist, or Villain?Chapter Ten: Operation Paperclip and Scientists Who Avoided OSI InvestigationBibliographyIndex