Throughout history and across cultures, the spy chief has been a leader of the state security apparatus and an essential adviser to heads of state. In democracies, the spy chief has become a public figure, and intelligence activities have been brought under the rule of law. In authoritarian regimes, however, the spy chief was and remains a frightening and opaque figure who exercises secret influence abroad and engages in repression at home. This second volume of Spy Chiefs goes beyond the commonly studied spy chiefs of the United States and the United Kingdom to examine leaders from Renaissance Venice to the Soviet Union, Germany, India, Egypt, and Lebanon in the twentieth century. It provides a close-up look at intelligence leaders, good and bad, in the different political contexts of the regimes they served. The contributors to the volume try to answer the following questions: how do intelligence leaders operate in these different national, institutional and historical contexts? What role have they played in the conduct of domestic affairs and international relations? How much power have they possessed?
How have they led their agencies and what qualities make an effective intelligence leader? How has their role differed according to the political character of the regime they have served? The profiles in this book range from some of the most notorious figures in modern history, such as Feliks Dzerzhinsky and Erich Mielke, to spy chiefs in democratic West Germany and India.
Paul Maddrell is lecturer in modern history and international relations at Loughborough University. Christopher Moran is associate professor of US national security at the University of Warwick. Ioanna Iordanou is a senior lecturer specializing in organizational and business history at the Oxford Brookes University School of Business. Mark Stout is program director of the MA in Global Security Studies Program at Johns Hopkins University and the former historian of the International Spy Museum.
Foreword by Sir Richard Dearlove, KCMG, OBE Introduction Paul Maddrell1. What Is Intelligence Leadership? Paul Maddrell 2. The Spy Chiefs of Renaissance Venice: Intelligence Leadership in the Early Modern World Ioanna Iordanou 3. Laying Hands on Arcana Imperii: Venetian Baili as Spymasters in Sixteenth-Century Istanbul Emrah Safa Gurkan 4. A Perfect Spy Chief? Feliks Dzerzhinsky and the Cheka Iain Lauchlan 5. The Consummate Careerist: Erich Mielke, the German Democratic Republic's Minister for State Security Paul Maddrell 6. Markus Wolf: From the Shadows to the LimelightKristie Macrakis 7. "The Dossiers": Reinhard Gehlen's Secret Special Card FileBodo Hechelhammer 8. India's Cold War Spy ChiefsPaul M. McGarr 9. Emir Farid Chehab: "Father of the Lebanese Surete Generale" Chikara Hashimoto 10. Egypt's Spy Chiefs: Servants or Leaders?Dina Rezk Conclusion: Government MenPaul Maddrell List of ContributorsIndex