"State of the Indian Farmer: A Millennium Study (published in 27 volumes along with a CD-ROM)" is unique in the sense that it is focused on the 'farmer' - the man behind agriculture. This is the most comprehensive effort after the National Commission on Agriculture submitted its reports in 1976. These studies, on various individual themes, under this mega-project, are quite penetrating and painstaking, their authors being recognised authorities on the concerned subjects. The 27-volume study, documenting the progression of agricultural development during the last five decades, will indeed go a long way in enriching our understanding of the nuances of development process and its welfare implications. The study will certainly help the future planners, policy-makers and all those interested in the welfare of the Indian farmers and the alleviation of rural poverty.