This volume offers an authoritiative selection of the best published articles on the great speculative manias and stock market crashes, which highlights their important similarities. These phenomena disrupt the normal activities of investors who use financial markets to accumulate diversified portfolios of assets. The attraction of rapid capital gains entices the unwary to abandon their customary investments, exposing them to ruin when prices of hot new assets collapse. The mania for tulips in seventeenth century Holland and schemes to refinance government debt in eighteenth century France and Britain burned many investors and transformed financial markets. The volatile American stock market of the nineteenth century and bursting regional real estate bubbles brought down many financial institutions, threatening economic stability. The striking parallels between the stock market crashes of 1929 and 1987 raise basic questions about the stability of the capital markets.
By examining whether these phenomena represent rational movements of the market or some mania or fad, these articles focus on the central policy question of whether these markets require regulation to serve the investing public.
Edited by Eugene N. White, Professor of Economics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick and Research Fellow, National Bureau for Economic Research, US
23 articles dating from 1905 to 1994 Contents: Introduction Part I: Tulipmania Part II: The Mississippi and South Sea Bubbles Part III: Nineteenth Century America Part IV: Land Booms in the 1920s and 1980s Part V: The American Stock Market in 1929 Part VI: The American Stock Market in 1987 Index