This book is concerned with a wide range of general principles that govern the behaviour of atoms in solids, and these principles are applied to the full range of types of materials known to man. The dual focus is on the structures of materials at an atomic level and on how the atoms vibrate inside solids. This dual focus comes together to explore how the atomic principles determine the behaviour and properties of materials. Attention is also given to experimental
methods. The general principles include the factors that determine the packing of atoms to form the huge variety of structures, the formal description of real and reciprocal space, the types of atomic bonding, the formalism of atomic vibrations, and the theories of phase transitions. The tools covered
include diffraction and spectroscopy, both laboratory and large-scale facilities.
Dr. Martin T. Dove, Mineral Physics Group, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EQ, Tel.: 01223/333482, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Homepage: http://www.esc.cam.ac.uk/astaff/dove
Preface ; 1. Introduction ; 2. Structure of materials ; 3. Formal description of crystal structures ; 4. The reciprocal lattice ; 5. Atomic bonding in crystals ; 6. Diffraction ; 7. Physical properties ; 8. Lattice dynamics ; 10. Experimental methods for measurements of vibrational frequencies ; 11. Anharmonic interactions ; 12. Displacive phase transitions ; A. Real crystals! ; B. Fourier analysis ; C. Schoenflies representation of the point groups ; D. Rhombohedral, trigonal and hexagonal unit cells ; E. Space groups ; F. Lattice energy minimization ; G. Some note on the variational theorem ; H. Ewald Sphere ; I. The Wilson Plot ; J. Diffraction from isotropic materials ; K. Calculation of physical properties ; L. Partition function: some key results ; M. Lattice sums ; N. Mean-square atomic displacement and temperature factors