A new, thought-provoking book on the theory of grammar and language processing, based on the analysis of authentic speech produced in real time. Drawing on insights from cognitive psychology, neurology and conversation analysis, the author offers a fascinating, easy-to-follow account of why spoken English is structured the way it is. The traditional product-based approach to grammar is given up in favour of a speaker-based, dynamic perspective that integrates language-structural, neurocognitive and dialogic aspects of speech production. Based on fresh empirical research Haselow argues that grammatical knowledge rests upon two cognitive principles of linearization called 'microgrammar' and 'macrogrammar', which are shown to interact in various ways. The book discusses a broad range of speech phenomena under an integrated framework, such as the omnipresence of 'unintegrated' constituents (e.g. discourse markers), ellipses, or the allegedly 'fragmented' character of syntax, and explains the mechanisms of processing efficiency that guide syntactic planning.
Alexander Haselow is Assistant Professor of English linguistics at the University of Rostock, Germany. His current research focuses on the cognitive, dialogic and neural mechanisms underlying the production and perception of speech in real time. He is the author of Typological Changes in the Lexicon - Analytic Tendencies in English Noun Formation (2011) and co-editor of Final Particles (2015).
1. Introduction; 2. Toward an interfield approach to the study of spontaneous speech; 3. A dualistic approach to grammar: Microgrammar and macrogrammar; 4. Linearization and macrogrammatical fields; 5. Macrogrammar and the linearization of structural segments; 6. Neurolinguistic evidence for the Grammatical Dualism Assumption; 7. Conclusions.