This book presents the socio-environmental history of black people around Kuruman, on the edge of the Kalahari in South Africa. Considering successive periods - Tswana agropastoral chiefdoms before colonial contact, the Cape frontier, British colonial rule, Apartheid, and the homeland of Bophuthatswana in the 1980s - Environment, Power and Injustice shows how the human relationship with the environment corresponded to differences of class, gender, and race. While exploring biological, geological, and climatological forces in history, this book argues that the challenges of existence in a semidesert arose more from human injustice than from deficiencies in the natural environment. In fact, powerful people drew strength from and exercised their power over others through the environment. At the same time, the natural world provided marginal peoples with some relief from human injustice.
Nancy J. Jacobs is Assistant Professor in the Department of African Studies and the Department of History at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. She is a recipient of the Alice Hamilton article prize from the American Society for Environmental History.
Preface; 1. Approaching Kuruman; 2. Goat people and fish people on the agro-pastoral frontier, c. 1750-1830; 3. Intensification and social innovation on the cape frontier: 1820s-1885; 4. Colonial annexation: land alienation and environmental administration; 5. Environmental trauma, colonial rule and the failure of extensive food production, 1895-1903; 6. The environmental history of a 'labor reservoir', 1903-1970s; 7. Apportioning water, dividing land: segregation, 1910-1977; 8. Betterment and the Bophuthatswana donkey massacre: the environmental rights of tribal subjects; 9. Retrospectives on socio-environmental history and socio-environmental justice; Appendices.