List of tables. Acknowledgements. Abbreviations. Introduction. 1. Constraint and tension in middle-class leadership. 2. The Hindu-Muslim question. 3. Ambivalence to the working-class struggle. 4. Bengal Provincial Congress: operational dilemma and organisational constraint. Conclusion. Appendix I -Biographical sketches of leading political activists. Appendix II- The composition of the BPCC, 1939179. Appendix III-14-point election manifesto of the KPP, declared in the 1936 Dacca session. Notes. Glossary. Selected bibliography. Index.