Sustainable Geography

Sustainable Geography

By: Roger Brunet (author)Hardback

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Description

Sustainable Geography recalls the system and laws of geographical space production, tackles the hardcore of geography and presents models and organizations through a regional analysis and the dynamics of territorial structures and methods. The book also describes the general idea of discontinuities, trenches, the anti-dialectical and redivision-uniformity in the globalization and addresses the Transnational Urban Systems and Urban Network in Europe.

About Author

Roger Brunet was Professor at the Universities of Toulouse and Reims in France, then Director of Research at the CNRS in Paris and worked for the Interg o laboratory and the public interest group RECLUS in Montpellier. He was the founder of the international scientific journals L'Espace g ographique and Mappemonde, as well as the originator of the concept of the chorem.

Contents

Preface xiii Author Biography xix PART 1. GEOGRAPHICAL SPACE PRODUCTION: SYSTEMS AND LAWS 1 Part 1. Introduction 3 Chapter 1. Geography: the Hard Core of a Social Science 5 1.1. The geographical question 5 1.2. Geographical space is produced 6 1.3. The reasons for the production of space 8 1.4. The organization of space 10 1.5. The logical field and the idea of a system in the production of space 13 1.6. The environment and the memories of the system 14 1.7. Geographical figures 16 1.8. Scientific practice 18 1.9. Conclusion 20 Chapter 2. The Geon and Energy of the System 23 2.1. Populations and working forces 26 2.2. Resources to actualize 28 2.3. Information as a source of negentropy 30 2.4. Production means and organization of space 33 2.5. The place of the capital and its distribution 35 2.6. The cybernetics of the system 38 2.7. Back to A 40 Chapter 3. Geographical Fields as the Environment of Places 43 3.1. Cardinal fields 44 3.2. Planetary fields 45 3.3. Cultural fields 46 3.4. The effects of exposure and attraction 47 3.5. Fields and geographical distributions 49 Chapter 4. Laws of Geographical Space Production 51 4.1. Geographic logic and the law of profit 52 4.2. Propositions of laws 53 4.3. Environment in systems 57 Chapter 5. Sense of Distance 59 5.1. Revelation of the distance 59 5.2. Distance measure 61 5.3. Ruptures of the distance 63 5.4. The represented distance: isolation and entrenchment 65 5.5. The distance and difference 67 5.6. End of distance? 70 PART 2. BROKEN SPACE 73 Part 2. Introduction 75 Chapter 6. Discontinuities and Thresholds 77 6.1. Discontinuity theory (1965) 77 6.2. Discontinuities and catastrophism 79 6.3. The region and discontinuity 84 6.4. Back to the discontinuity (1997) 86 6.5. Three examples of discontinuities in the geomorphological processes 89 Chapter 7. Territory Retrenchments 93 7.1. The pure and the wall 94 7.2. Retrenchments at the center 96 7.3. Separated peripheries 99 7.4. Folds and double folds 102 7.5. From retrenchment to res publica 104 Chapter 8. Antiworld and Alienation 107 8.1. Alienation 107 8.2. Antiworld 108 Chapter 9. Free Zones in the International Division of Labor 117 9.1. The territories of the antiworld 117 9.2. The complexity of the concept of international division of labor 119 9.3. The free zones: simplicity of speech, complexity of the roles 119 9.4. The golden belt 121 9.5. Territories without frankness, buccaneering territories 122 Chapter 10. Geography of the Gulag Archipelago 125 10.1. The sources of this survey 126 10.2. Geographical history 127 10.3. The organization of the archipelago 133 10.4. The modes of production 142 10.5. Conclusion 152 10.6. Appendix 153 Chapter 11. Geography of Migrations or the Antiworld in Spate 155 11.1. Waves and currents of emigration 156 11.2. Wanderings of insecurity, fracture of Mediterraneans 158 11.3. Migrations systems: nomadism or wandering 160 11.4. Conclusion 161 PART 3. MODELS AND CHOREMATICS 163 Part 3. Introduction 165 Chapter 12. Building Models for Spatial Analysis 167 12.1. From spatial organization to models 168 12.2. Choremes 172 12.3. The syntax of choremes or the linguistics of geography 183 Chapter 13. Model Maps and Choremes 191 13.1. Models and choremes 191 13.2. The rules of art 192 13.3. The procedure 194 13.4. "In Poland, i.e. nowhere" (A. Jarry) 195 13.5. The language of maps 198 13.6. Bibliography and References 199 Chapter 14. Models in Geography?A Sense to Research 201 14.1. What is a model? 202 14.2. Refutations 205 14.3. From theoretical practice to necessary hypotheses 208 14.4. Requirements of modeling 210 14.5. Conclusion 214 Chapter 15. Mediterranean Models 217 15.1. The lake 218 15.2. The focus 218 15.3. The straight 219 15.4. The isthmus 220 15.5. The crescents 221 15.6. The barrier 221 15.7. The chott 221 Chapter 16. The Aquitaine Region as a Corner 223 16.1. The southwest corner of France 223 16.2. Openings to seize 226 16.3. Dissymmetries of nature 229 16.4. Two urban systems 231 16.5. Regions and resources 234 Chapter 17. Structural Dynamic of the City of Tours (France) 239 17.1. Administrative center of a province on a Paris radius 241 17.2. The Val effect 243 17.3. The metropolization and the network star 244 17.4. Tours: social inequalities 248 Chapter 18. Analysis and Representation of Spatial Organizations: A Few Models 253 18.1. Openings 253 18.2. Color images 263 18.3. Other illustrations 263 PART 4. SCALES OF GLOBALIZATION AND MOVING EUROPE 267 Part 4. Introduction 269 Chapter 19. Ways, Forms, and Figures of Globalization 271 19.1. Economic globalization 272 19.2. The global village 273 19.3. Global ecology 275 19.4. How globalization changes the world 277 19.5. Re-differentiations and polycentrism 280 19.6. Contradictions and permanencies 282 19.7. Representations 283 Chapter 20. Aspects of Globalization: the Diamond Revolution 287 20.1. The De Beers empire: a heritage of British imperialism 287 20.2. After globalization by monopoly, polycentric globalization 291 20.3. Rupture and uncertainties at the turn of the millennium 296 Chapter 21. European Fields and Mainlines 299 21.1. The peninsula of the old continent 299 21.2. The European backbone 301 21.3. The Ring 302 21.4. The European trellis 304 21.5. Centralities, barriers and new found solidarities 306 21.6. Conclusions 308 21.7. Appendix: Blue Banana 308 Chapter 22. Transnational Urban Systems in Europe: Towards a New Modernity 311 22.1. Europe as a milieu 313 22.2. Can transnational city systems help Europe? 315 22.3. Conclusions 322 Chapter 23. Russia in Revolutions 325 PART 5. GEOGRAPHY INTO THE CITY PROSPECTS 333 Part. 5. Introduction 335 Chapter 24. Regaining Reason 337 24.1. El sueno de la razon 337 24.2. Unsustainable city 338 24.3. Territories in competition 339 24.4. Si les signes vous faschent 340 24.5. The marshland of Entelechies 341 24.6. Serio ludere 342 Chapter 25. What is Geography? 343 25.1. The field of geography 343 25.2. Geography as a science 345 25.3. Geographies 347 25.4. Geography as an established fact 351 25.5. Applied geography 353 Chapter 26. Geography in the Public Place 355 26.1. As an increased desire for geography 355 26.2. Five equations for fractions of society 356 26.3. Geography as Janus: two sides of the profession 358 26.4. Currents and patterns, or navigating without sinking 360 26.5. For socially useful works 362 26.6. Conclusion 364 Chapter 27. Geography and Human Rights 365 27.1. The difference 365 27.2. Resorting to nature 367 27.3. The revealing space 368 27.4. Conclusion 370 Chapter 28. Dimensions of Sustainable Development 371 28.1. The scale of sustainable development is global 372 28.2. Worldwide contradictions of sustainable development 374 28.3. Local scale: untenable "sustainable city" 378 28.4. The intermediate scales 380 28.5. Conclusions 382 Conclusion. Along the Way 383 Index 385

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781848211926
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 420
  • ID: 9781848211926
  • weight: 774
  • ISBN10: 1848211929

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