Forests define the Pacific Coast in many ways. Culturally they are
part of the traditions of the First Nations; economically they have
sustained an industry that has created settlements and wealth
throughout the area. In the last twenty years, the forests have become
the subject of increasing conflict, as economic interests clash with
changing social and political values. The war in the woods has
escalated, hardening battle lines and polarizing forest politics.
In this thoughtful collection of essays edited by Debra J. Salazar
and Donald K. Alper, forest policy in the U.S. Pacific Northwest and
British Columbia is examined in a binational context. While US and
Canadian forest policy and forest management approaches differ, the two
countries face similar challenges and conflicts. Contributors discuss
the evolution of forest exploitation, the response of timber companies
to U.S. federal environmental regulations, sovereignty for First
Nations communities, and the reshaping of the political economy of
forests by global forces on both sides of the border. Groups usually
ignored in the forest policy debate -- such as First Nations peoples,
workers in the emerging non-forest economy, and citizen activists --
are also given voice in this fascinating compilation.
The contributors to Sustaining the Forests of the Pacific
Coast offer new perspectives that recognize the complexity of the
issues and the diversity of interests in forest politics. A valuable
contribution to the ongoing debate over forest policy on both sides of
the Canada/U.S. border, these essays analyze the challenges facing
forest policy makers and open the discussion up to those whose voices
have not been heard before.
Debra J. Salazar is a forest policy analyst. Donald K. Alper is the Director of the Center for Canadian-American Studies. Both teach in the department of Political Science at Western Washington University.
Part I: Introduction 1. Politics, Policy, and the War in the Woods / Debra J. Salazar and Donald K. Alper Part II: Institutions 2. How the Way We Make Policy Governs the Policy We Make / George Hoberg 3. International Dynamics of North American Forest Policy: From Bilateral to Global Perspectives / Thomas R. Waggener 4. Firms' Responses to External Pressures for Sustainable Forest Management in British Columbia and the US Pacific Northwest / Benjamin Cashore, Ilan Vertinsky and Rachana Raizada Part III: Voices 5. Forest People: First Nations Lead the Way toward a Sustainable Future / David R. Boyd and Terri-Lynn Williams-Davidson 6. The Multi-ethnic, Nontimber Forest Workforce in the Pacific Northwest: Reconceiving the Players in Forest Management / Beverly A. Brown Part IV: Policy Innovations 7. A Crossroad in the Forest: The Path to a Sustainable Forest Sector in British Columbia / Clark S. Binkley 8. Wildlife Conservation on Private Lands: Habitat Planning and Regulatory Certainty / R. Neal Wilkins 9. Multistakeholder Processes: Activist Containment versus Grassroots Mobilization / Mae Burrows Part V: Conclusion 10. Digging Out of the Trenches / Debra J. Salazar and Donald K. Alper Contributors Index