In the first book to systematically explore the linkages between war and emergency response, Hoffman and Weiss focus on the profound impact of new wars with non-state actors. The authors trace the evolution of the international humanitarian system from its inception in the 1860s through the current challenges cast by recent U.S. military action in Afghanistan and Iraq. By bringing historical perspective to bear on the mechanics of war and humanitarian action, Sword & Salve provides an essential analytical framework for grasping the nature of crises and how aid agencies can respond strategically rather than reactively to change. Students will find it a powerful tool for understanding the roles of state and non-state actors in international relations, as well as the panopoly of means and ends encompassed by contemporary humanitarianisms.
Peter J. Hoffman is a research associate at the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York. Thomas G. Weiss is Presidential Professor of Political Science and director of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York.
Chapter 1 Foreword Chapter 2 Introduction Chapter 3 Concepts and Connections of War and Humanitarianism Chapter 4 Foundations Chapter 5 "New Wars" Chapter 6 "New Humanitarianisms" Chapter 7 Humanitarianism and Collective Action Chapter 8 Making Sense of Afghanistan and Iraq Chapter 9 Humanitarian Strategic Thinking...and Doing