The focus of this volume is on the relation between synchrony and diachrony. It is examined in the light of the most recent theories of language change and linguistic variation. What has traditionally been treated as a dichotomy is now seen rather in terms of a dynamic interface. The contributions to this volume aim at exploring the most adequate tools to describe and understand the manifestations of this dynamic interface. Thorough analyses are offered on hot topics of the current linguistic debate, which are all involved in the analysis of the synchrony-diachrony interface: gradualness of change, synchronic variation and gradience, constructional approaches to grammaticalization, the role of contact-induced transfer in language change, analogy. Case studies are discussed from a variety of languages and dialects including English, Welsh, Latin, Italian and Italian dialects, Dutch, Swedish, German and German dialects, Hungarian. This volume is of great interest to a broad audience within linguistics, including historical linguistics, typology, pragmatics, and areal linguistics.
1. Acknowledgements; 2. List of contributors; 3. Synchrony and diachrony: Introduction to a dynamic interface (by Giacalone Ramat, Anna); 4. Part I. The role of analogy and constructions in the synchrony-diachrony interface; 5. Gradualness in language change: A constructional perspective (by Trousdale, Graeme); 6. Gradual change and continual variation: The history of a verb-initial construction in Welsh (by Currie, Oliver); 7. Can you literally be scared sick?: The role of analogy in the rise of a network of Resultative and Degree Modifier constructions (by Margerie, Helene); 8. The reputed sense of be meant to: A case of gradual change by analogy (by Disney, Steve); 9. Gradualness in analogical change as a complexification stage in a language simplification process: A case study from Modern Greek dialects (by Melissaropoulou, Dimitra); 10. Part II. Synchronic variation and language change; 11. Semantic maps, for synchronic and diachronic typology (by Auwera, Johan van der); 12. Synchronic gradience and language change in Latin genitive constructions (by Magni, Elisabetta); 13. Double agreement in the Alpine languages: An intermediate stage in the development of inflectional morphemes (by Wratil, Melani); 14. On variation in gender agreement: The neutralization of pronominal gender in Dutch (by De Vos, Lien); 15. Synchronic Variation and Grammatical Change: The case of Dutch double gender nouns (by Semplicini, Chiara); 16. A case study on the relationship between grammatical change and synchronic variation: The emergence of tipo[-N] in Italian (by Voghera, Miriam); 17. Grammaticalization in the present - The changes of modern Swedish typ (by Rosenkvist, Henrik); 18. Part III. Gradualness in language change; 19. Gradualness in change in English (augmented) absolutes (by Pol, Nikki van de); 20. Grammatical encoding of referentiality in the history of Hungarian (by Egedi, Barbara); 21. Gradualness in contact-induced constructional replication: The Abstract Possession construction in the Circum-Mediterranean area (by Fedriani, Chiara); 22. Binding Hierarchy and peculiarities of the verb potere in some Southern Calabrian varieties (by De Angelis, Alessandro); 23. Author index; 24. Subject index