This volume is a collection of current work at the interface of linguistics and conversation analysis. The focus is on linguistic items in their action contexts: syntactic structures and lexical items in data from natural conversations in six European languages: Danish, English, Finnish, German, Italian and Swedish. Some of the studies deal with similar practices in two different languages, which enables cross-linguistic comparisons. The notion of 'construction' is brought together with an interactional perspective; the fact that constructions cannot always be clearly analysed as either syntactic or lexico-semantic has its reflection in this volume. So far, there have been fewer attempts at interactionally oriented work on lexical and semantic phenomena than on syntactic constructions. In this volume, several papers show the interactional relevance of word selection and lexical semantic issues. In the future, studies on syntax and lexico-semantics in interaction will enrich realistic grammars of our languages, and cross-linguistic description of comparable practices of organizing talk in interaction will be invaluable for the study of both inter-European and international communication.
1. List of contributors; 2. Introduction (by Hakulinen, Auli); 3. Part I. Syntactic resources in conversation; 4. Syntax and prosody as methods for the construction and identification of turn-constructional units in conversation (by Selting, Margret); 5. Parenthesis as a resource in the grammar of conversation (by Duvallon, Outi); 6. Delayed self-repairs as a structuring device for complex turns in conversation (by Auer, Peter); 7. Pivot constructions in spoken German (by Scheutz, Hannes); 8. The use of marked syntactic constructions in Italian multi-party conversation (by Monzoni, Chiara M.); 9. Grammatical constructions in "real life practices": WO-constructions in everyday German (by Gunthner, Susanne); 10. Interactional and sequential configurations informing request format selection in children's speech (by Wootton, Anthony); 11. Language as social action: A study of how senior citizens request assistance with practical tasks in the Swedish home help service (by Lindstrom, Anna); 12. Part II. Lexico-semantic resources in conversation; 13. The interactional generation of exaggerated versions in conversation (by Drew, Paul); 14. A linguistic practice for retracting overstatements: 'Concessive repair' (by Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth); 15. Conversational interpretation of lexical items and conversational contrasting (by Deppermann, Arnulf); 16. Form and function of 'first verbs' in talk-in-interaction (by Schulze-Wenck, Stephanie); 17. Notes on disaligning 'yes but' initiated utterances in Danish and German conversations: Two construction types for dispreferred responses (by Steensig, Jakob); 18. Where grammar and interaction meet: The preference for matched polarity in responsive turns in Danish (by Heinemann, Trine); 19. Index