The category P belongs to a less studied area in theoretical linguistics, which has only recently attracted considerable attention. This volume brings together pioneering work on adpositions in spatial relations from different theoretical and cross-linguistic perspectives. The common theme in these contributions is the complex semantic and syntactic structure of PPs. Analyses are presented in several different frameworks and approaches, including generative syntax, optimality theoretic semantics and syntax, formal semantics, mathematical modeling, lexical syntax, and pragmatics. Among the languages featured in detail are English, German, Hebrew, Igbo, Italian, Japanese, and Persian. This volume will be of interest to students and researchers of formal semantics, syntax and language typology, as well as scholars with a more general interest in spatial cognition.
1. Introduction: Syntax and semantics of spatial P (by Asbury, Anna); 2. Part I. The general architecture of spatial PPs; 3. The fine structure of spatial expressions (by Kracht, Marcus); 4. Projections of P (by Svenonius, Peter); 5. Priorities in the production of prepositions (by Zwarts, Joost); 6. The grammar of complex particle phrases in English (by Cappelle, Bert); 7. Part II. Expressions of directionality; 8. The correspondence between directionality and transitivity (by Lestrade, Sander); 9. Pragmatic factors and variation in the expression of spatial goals: The case of into vs. in (by Nikitina, Tatiana); 10. Complex PPs in Italian (by Folli, Raffaella); 11. On the l-syntax of directionality/resultativity: The case of Germanic preverbs (by Mateu, Jaume); 12. Part III. Locative PPs; 13. The distribution and interpretation of adjunct locative PPs (by Tomioka, Naoko); 14. Aspect inside PLACE PPs (by Tortora, Christina); 15. Part IV. Silent Ps; 16. The place of PLACE in Persian (by Pantcheva, Marina); 17. Why are they different? An exploration of Hebrew locative PPs (by Botwinik-Rotem, Irena); 18. Silent prepositions: Evidence from free relatives (by Caponigro, Ivano); 19. Part V. Grammaticalisation; 20. The grammaticalization of prepositional markers in Igbo: The example of the verb root -nye 'give' (by Uchechukwu, Chinedu); 21. Index of languages, dialects, and language families; 22. Index of authors; 23. Index of subjects