The Syrian crisis has confounded political leaders and experts who forecast a rapid fall of the regime. This monumental error of interpretation has had tragic consequences for the unfolding of the crisis and its slide into a frightful civil war with regional and international ramifications. This book looks at Syrian reality in a new light. By analysing twenty-five constitutions and constitutional texts and proposing an innovative classification of the different political regimes that have shaped Syria over the last one hundred years, the author retraces the country's intense history and the persistence of a Syrian model defined by the Founding Fathers. If, on emerging from this war, Syria maintains its unity and gives itself a democratic regime reflecting its society, then the concept of Syria may find a new lease of life and Syria will once again be perceived as an idea full of promises.
Karim Atassi is an expert in Syrian contemporary politics and constitutions. He holds a Ph.D. in Public Law on Syrian constitutions, is a former foreign student at France's Ecole Nationale d'Administration. He graduated in political science, and holds a degree in information and communication. He is an international civil servant.
Introduction; 1. The Syrian question; Part I. Parliamentary Constitutions and Liberal Regimes: 2. The Syrian monarchy; 3. The First Republic; 4. The Second Republic; Part II. Presidential Constitutions and Authoritarian Regimes: 5. The Third Republic; 6. The Fourth Republic; 7. The pan-Arab constitutions; 8. Towards the Fifth Republic; 9. Towards the Sixth Republic; Conclusion.