Systems of Systems

Systems of Systems

By: Dominique Luzeaux (editor), Jean-Rene Ruault (editor)Hardback

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Description

In recent years, the systems designed to support activity in the fields of banking, health, transportation, space, aeronautics, defense, etc. have become increasingly larger and more complex. With the growing maturity of information and communication technologies, systems have been interconnected within growing networks, yielding new capabilities and services through the combination of system functionalities. This has led to a further increasing complexity that has to be managed in order to take advantage of these system integrations.The book is divided into two parts. The first part addresses the concept and practical illustrations of a "system of systems" and is a multidisciplinary introduction to the notion of a "systems of systems" that is discussed extensively in the current scientific and technical literature. After a critical comparison of the different definitions and a range of various practical illustrations, this part provides answers to key questions such as what a system of systems is and how its complexity can be mastered. The second part, described as "systems-of-systems engineering: methods and tools", focuses on both engineering and modeling, and standardization issues that are critical to deal with the key steps in systems of systems engineering: namely eliciting stakeholder needs, architecture optimization, integration of constituent systems, qualification, and utilization.

About Author

Dominique Luzeaux has been employed by the Ministry of Defense for over 20 years. He was Director of the Complex System Engineering Department from 2002 to 2004, and Chief Information Officer from 2005 to 2007. He is currently Deputy Director of the service in charge of the C4ISR (Computerized Command, Control, Communications, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) programs. He has written over 60 articles in international conferences and journals, and teaches robotics, theoretical computer science and system engineering at graduate level. After over 10 years as a consultant on software engineering and human-computer interaction, Jean-Rene Ruault was hired in 2004 by the Ministry of Defense as an expert in systems engineering, standardization and human factors. He has published several articles on system engineering and human-computer interactions, and was co-chairman of the ERGO-IA'06 conference.

Contents

Author Biographies xv Introduction xix PART 1. SYSTEMS OF SYSTEMS, CONCEPTS AND PRACTICAL ILLUSTRATIONS 1 Chapter 1. Systems of Systems: From Concept to Actual Development 3 Dominique LUZEAUX 1.1. Network omnipresence creating a worldwide environment 3 1.2. Increasing complexity of the environment 5 1.3. Towards a definition of the concept of system of systems 11 1.4. Control of the system of systems 34 1.5. Tools for the control of the system of systems 47 1.6. The need for standardization 56 1.7. The human factor in systems of systems 58 1.8. Budgetary aspects of the systems of systems 68 1.9. The need for governance 70 1.10. Conclusion 75 1.11. Appendix: system of systems definitions in literature. 77 1.12. Bibliography 84 Chapter 2. Emergence and Complexity of Systems of Systems 89 Patrice MICOUIN 2.1. Introduction 89 2.2. Matter and shape 90 2.3. Systems 92 2.4. Genesis of concrete systems 99 2.5. Complexity of systems of systems 107 2.6. Systems of systems engineering 111 2.7. Conclusion 115 2.8. Bibliography 116 Chapter 3. Contractual Aspects of the Acquisition and Use of Systems of Systems 119 Daniele VERET 3.1. Introduction 119 3.2. An integrated set of components of various natures 121 3.3. Combining people with diversified skills and their contributions 125 3.4. Commitments to coordinate 130 3.5. Ownership rights 142 3.6. The most adapted legal strategies 147 3.7. Conclusion 148 Chapter 4. The Human Factor within the Context of Systems of Systems 149 Jean-Rene RUAULT 4.1. Introduction 149 4.2. Definition and epistemological aspects 150 4.3. The issue 154 4.4. Current human factors in systems engineering 160 4.5. The organizations complexity from the standpoint of social sciences: impacts on the systems of systems 166 4.6. Social sciences implemented within the context of systems of systems 192 4.7. Recognizable good practices in the field of organizations 201 4.8. Conclusion 202 4.9. Acknowledgments 203 4.10. Bibliography 203 Chapter 5. Space Communication and Observation System of Systems 207 Frederic PRADEILLES and Dominique LUZEAUX 5.1. The dual context of omnipresent information and the commoditization of space 207 5.2. The technical view: an interconnection of ground-based and space-borne systems 209 5.3. Search for functionality and capacity 213 5.4. A logic of exchange on an international scale 214 5.5. Conclusion 220 5.6. Bibliography 221 Chapter 6. Intelligent Transport Systems 223 Michel CHAVRET 6.1. The field of intelligent transport 223 6.2. ACTIF 226 6.3. Practical application 230 6.4. Conclusion 234 6.5. Bibliography 234 Chapter 7. Systems of Systems in the Healthcare Field 235 Jean-Rene RUAULT 7.1. Introduction 235 7.2. From capability challenges to the design of systems of systems 236 7.3. Personal service, the main characteristic of systems within the healthcare field 239 7.4. Coordination of the medical and paramedical agents, in hospitals and in private practices 242 7.5. The development of information technologies and their interoperability, heart of the healthcare networks issue 245 7.6. Difficulties encountered 256 7.7. Conclusion 258 7.8. Acknowledgments 258 7.9. Bibliography 259 Chapter 8. Critical Infrastructure Protection 261 Jean-Luc ZOLESIO 8.1. General context of critical infrastructure protection 261 8.2. Protection requirements 266 8.3. Security systems of the future 272 8.4. The human factor 285 8.5. Conclusion 290 Chapter 9. Globalization and Systemic Impacts 291 Dominique LUZEAUX, Jean-Rene RUAULT and Lui KAM 9.1. Introduction 291 9.2. System of systems globalization 292 9.3. Beyond the concepts of systems 309 9.4. Globalization s impact on systems of systems engineering 312 9.5. Conclusion 316 9.6. Appendix: a summary of the properties of nonlinear dynamic systems 317 9.7. Bibliography 318 PART 2. SYSTEMS OF SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, METHODS, STANDARDS AND TOOLS 321 Chapter 10. Methods and Tools for Systems of Systems Engineering 323 Dominique LUZEAUX 10.1. Systems of systems engineering: from the control of complexity to the necessity of a model-driven approach 323 10.2. Architecture 326 10.3. From architecture to detailed design: reference architectures 331 10.4. Requirement traceability and engineering tools 338 10.5. Reverse engineering and impact studies 342 10.6. Distributed simulation tools for model engineering 344 10.7. Global control of operational security via testability 346 10.8. Towards a virtuous circle of simulation-tests to control the tests 352 10.9. Collaborative work tools 357 10.10. Conclusion 360 10.11. Acknowledgements 361 10.12. Bibliography 362 Chapter 11. Model-driven Design and Simulation 363 Lui KAM 11.1. General points 363 11.2. A few definitions 365 11.3. Model-driven engineering 378 11.4. Feedback 385 11.5. Conclusion and perspectives 392 11.6. Bibliography 394 Chapter 12. Standardization in the Field of Systems and Systems of Systems Engineering 399 Jean-Rene RUAULT and Jean-Pierre MEINADIER 12.1. Introduction 399 12.2. Example of the importance of standards in the interoperability of systems and systems of systems 400 12.3. Standards used in the field of systems and systems of systems 403 12.4. Application and adaptation of system engineering standards in the context of systems of systems 433 12.5. Implementation of standards in the context of systems of systems 438 12.6. Conclusion 439 12.7. Acknowledgements 439 12.8. Appendix A. Standard relative to business process modeling 439 12.9. Appendix B. Standard relative to the Web services business process execution language 443 12.10. Appendix C. Ontology definition metamodel specification 444 12.11. Appendix D. UML profile for DoDAF/MODAF (USA Department of Defense and UK Ministry of Defense Architecture Framework) 446 12.12. Appendix E. Standard relative to software-intensive systems architecture 451 12.13. Appendix F. Unified modeling language 454 12.14. Appendix G. Systems modeling language 457 12.15. Appendix H. Good practices of IT service management, ITIL 461 12.16. Appendix I. Standard relative to IT services management 464 12.17. Appendix J. Software engineering Product quality 466 12.18. Appendix J.1. Standard ISO 9126, part 1, quality model 466 12.19. Appendix J.2. Standard ISO 9126, part 3, internal metrics 468 12.20. Appendix K. Standard on software product quality requirements and evaluation 468 12.21. Appendix L. Standard on the common criteria for IT security evaluation 469 12.22. Appendix M. Standard relative to a system s life cycle process 473 12.23. Appendix N. Standard relative to the processes for engineering a system 482 12.24. Appendix O. Standard for the application and management of the systems engineering process 487 12.25. Appendix P. Standard relative to software life cycle processes 494 12.26. Appendix Q. Standard relative to software measurement process 499 12.27. Appendix R. Standard relative to software product evaluation 500 12.28. Appendix S. Standard on systems engineering, product and design data exchange 504 12.29. Appendix T. Standard on the exchange of product model data, products life cycle support 507 12.30. Bibliography 510 Conclusion 513 List of Authors 519 Index 521

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781848211643
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 548
  • ID: 9781848211643
  • weight: 892
  • ISBN10: 1848211643

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