This text examines the role played by the mass media and public opinion in the development of United States foreign policy in the Gulf War. Tracing the flow of news, public opinion and policy decisions from Saddham Hussein's rise to power in 1979, to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, through the outbreak and conclusion of the war, the contributors look at how the media have become key players in the foreign policy process. They examine the prewar media debate, news coverage during and after the war, how the news-gathering process shaped the content of the coverage and the media's effect on public opinion and decision-makers. "Taken by Storm" also examines more general patterns in post-Cold War journalism and foreign policy, particularly how contemporary journalistic practices determine whose voices and what views are heard in foreign policy coverage.
Preface Acknowledgments Introduction to the Media and Foreign Policy A View from the Press Marvin Kalb A View from the Military Thomas W. Kelly A View from the Academy Bernard C. Cohen 1: The News About Foreign Policy W. Lance Bennett 2: The Press as Prologue: Media Coverage of Saddam's Iraq, 1979-1990 Gladys Engel Lang, Kurt Lang 3: News and Historical Content: The Establishment Phase of the Persian Gulf Policy Debate William A. Dorman, Steven Livingston. 4: The News before the Storm: The Iraq War Debate and the Limits to Media Independence Robert M. Entman, Benjamin I. Page. 5: Domesticating a Crisis: Washington Newsbeats and Network News after the Iraq Invasion of Kuwait Timothy E. Cook 6: Strategic Public Diplomacy: Managing Kuwait's Image During the Gulf Conflict Jarol B. Manheim 7: The Gulf War as Popular Culture and Television Drama Daniel C. Hallin, Todd Gitlin. 8: News Coverage of the Gulf Crisis and Public Opinion: A Study of Agenda-Setting, Priming, and Framing Shanto Iyengar, Adam Simon. 9: Elite Leadership of Mass Opinion: New Evidence from the Gulf War John Zaller 10: Crisis, War, and Public Opinion: The Media and Public Support for the President Richard A. Brody 11: A Mutual Exploitation Model of Media Influence in U.S. Foreign Policy Patrick O'Heffernan 12: Strategic Politicians, Public Opinion, and the Gulf Crisis John Zaller 13: Just Deserts? David L. Paletz Appendix: Gulf Conflict Event Guide Contributors Index