Teaching Deaf Learners: Psychological and Developmental Foundations explores how deaf students (children and adolescents) learn and the conditions that support their reaching their full cognitive potential - or not. Beginning with an introduction to teaching and learning of both deaf and hearing students, Knoors and Marschark take an ecological approach to deaf education, emphasizing the need to take into account characteristics of learners and of the educational context. Building on the evidence base with respect to developmental and psychological factors in teaching on learning, they describe characteristics of deaf learners which indicate that teaching deaf learners is not, or should not, be the same as teaching hearing learners. In this volume, Knoors and Marschark will explore factors that influence the teaching of deaf learners, including their language proficiencies, literacy and numeracy skills, cognitive abilities, and social-emotional factors. These issues are addressed in separate chapters, with a focus on the importance to all of them of communication and language.
Separate chapters are devoted to the promise of multimedia enhanced education and the possible influences of contextual aspects of the classroom and the school on the learning of deaf students. The book concludes by pointing out the importance of appropriate education of teachers of deaf learners given the increasing diversity of those students and the contexts in which they are educated. It bridges the gap between research and practice in teaching, and outlines ways to improve teacher education.
Harry Knoors is trained as a psycholinguist, specializing in language, and literacy of deaf children. He is involved in research on childhood deafness (mainly language, literacy and psychosocial development) and research on the effectiveness of special education, and has much experience with management, i.e. management of health care centers and of R&D department. He has published several books and more than 140 articles in international and Dutch journals about the consequences of childhood deafness for language and learning. Marc Marschark is a Professor at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf, a college of Rochester Institute of Technology, where he directs the Center for Education Research Partnerships. His research focuses on language comprehension and learning by deaf children and adults in formal and informal educational settings.
Preface ; Acknowledgements ; Chapter 1: Essentials of Learning and Teaching ; Chapter 2: Deaf Learners: Basic characteristics ; Chapter 3: Learning Begins at Home ; Chapter 4: Language Development ; Chapter 5: Language Assessment and Teaching ; Chapter 6: Cognitive Profiles of Deaf Learners ; Chapter 7: Learning and Social and Emotional Development ; Chapter 8: School Achievement and Instruction: Literacy ; Chapter 9: School Achievement and Instruction: Numeracy and Science ; Chapter 10: Multi-Media Enhanced, Computer-Assisted Learning for Deaf Students ; Chapter 11: Learning and Context ; Chapter 12: Where Do We Go From Here?