This book is based on a simple series of psychological concepts. While ability to think has always been important, the knowledge economy significantly increases the demand for higher order thinking and problem-solving abilities. Parents should take a much more active role in teaching their children to think. Early preschool years are critical because long-term attitudes and early strategies are learned then. Approaches and perspectives on learning to think can be clearly communicated to parents in ways which will make it possible for them to use the correct strategies to stimulate their students to think more clearly and critically.
There are five elements involved in good, logical, critical, and creative thinking:
1. The skills involved in effective, efficient, and lasting learning, or commonly referred to as cognitive processing strategies
2. The mastery of logic and structure of what is being learned
3. Awareness of what one knows and does not know, and how one knows and how one thinks
4. The standards or guidelines for the validity and reliability of what one knows, called intellectual standards
5. The knowledge and skills involved in critical thinking and solving problems in different subjects or domains
With forty years of experience helping ministries of education throughout the world (Central and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa and the Middle East), Dr. Clifton Chadwick is a decisive leader in the development of the concepts of cognitive strategies, metacognition, and affective variables in learning. He has extensive experience in curriculum, evaluation of learning, project evaluation, textbooks and educational materials, educational technology, teacher training and evaluation.
Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Learning and the Structure of Knowledge Chapter 3: Developing Skills for Effective Learning Chapter 4: Metacognition: Awareness for Thinking Chapter 5: Disposition, Motivation, and Attitudes: Desire to Think Chapter 6: Developing and Establishing Intellectual Standards for Teaching Chapter 7: Problem-Solving Skills Chapter 8: High Quality Critical Thinking: Wrapping Up!