A groundbreaking guide to facilitating online and blended courses This comprehensive resource offers teachers in grades K-12 a hands-on guide to the rapidly growing field of online and blended teaching. With clear examples and explanations, Kristin Kipp shows how to structure online and blended courses for student engagement, build relationships with online students, facilitate discussion boards, collaborate online, design online assessments, and much more. * Shows how to create a successful online or blended classroom * Illustrates the essential differences between face-to-face instruction and online teaching * Foreword by Susan Patrick of the International Association for K-12 Online Learning This is an essential handbook for learning how to teach online and improve student achievement.
Kristin Kipp, a classroom teacher and instructional coach, was the Colorado Online Teacher of the Year for 2010 and the National Online Teacher of the Year for 2011. She has been teaching online and blended courses since 2007 and she chronicles her experiences on her blog, the Education Frontier, (www.educationfrontier.org) She also consults and does webinar and speaking engagements around the country.
About This Book xi About the Author xv Foreword xvii Susan Patrick Introduction xix 1 The Many Variables of Online and Blended Teaching 1 Self-Paced versus Cohort Approach 3 Full-Time versus Part-Time Online Students 5 Blended versus Fully Online Courses 6 Create-Your-Own versus a Purchased Curriculum 8 Teacher as Course Author and Organizer versus Teacher as Facilitator Only 10 Teacher Performance (and Perhaps Pay) Based on Course Completion versus Based on Rubric or Evaluation Systems 12 What Kind of Online or Blended Teaching Model Is Right for You? 13 2 Course Philosophy 17 Connect to Content 18 Connect with Other Students 21 Connect with the Teacher 23 Connecting on All Three Fronts 24 3 Preparing to Teach an Online Course 27 Course Organization 28 Fleshing Out the Course Information Button 30 Be Vocal, an Acronym for Teacher Success 34 AWord to theWise 35 4 Building Relationships with Students 37 Starting at the Beginning 38 Continuing the Relationship 42 Hosting Face-to-Face Events 46 Building an Online Persona 46 5 Using Announcements Effectively 49 Types of Announcements 50 Practical Considerations in Using Announcements 55 Incorporating Voice Elements into Announcements 58 6 Discussion Board Strategies and Facilitation 61 Discussion Board Basics 63 Asking Quality Questions 64 Rubrics and Grading 66 Teaching Students to Respond in Ways That Keep the Discussion Moving 70 Teaching Discussion Board Etiquette 72 How Much to Be Involved 73 Types of Posts 73 Handing over the Reins for Student-Led Discussions 75 7 Teaching Synchronous Sessions 77 Basic Capabilities of Synchronous Tools 78 Communication Tools: Microphone, Video, Chat, and Polling 79 Presentation Tools: Whiteboard, Screen Sharing, and File Sharing 81 Time Considerations 82 Making Up Missed Sessions 83 Building a Routine 84 Activity Ideas 85 8 Creating and Modifying Assignments 89 Defining a Good Assignment 90 Creating Un-Googleable Assignments 92 Keeping Your Course Current 93 Using the Platform to Create Unique Experiences 94 9 Collaborating in Online Courses 97 Why Collaboration Is Essential 97 Wikis 97 Blogs 99 Google Docs 99 E-portfolios 101 Collaborative Groups 101 Staying Involved 102 10 Differentiating Assignments 105 What Is Differentiation? 105 Creating Choice within Assignments 107 Customized Path through a Session or Unit 111 Critical Paths 111 Differentiating for Special Needs Students 113 11 Grading and Feedback 117 Grading in a Virtual Space 117 Understanding the Basics 118 Canned Comments and Personalizing Feedback 121 Rubric Grading 127 Word Options for Grading Student Work 129 File Management 130 12 Accessibility, Communication, and Office Hours 135 Communicating with Digital Natives: Speaking Their Language 135 Office Hours and Tutoring 137 Communication Methods 139 Choosing Your Communication Method Based on Message 147 13 Time Management and Routines 151 Making the Transition 151 Creating a Weekly Routine 152 Top-Three Strategy 152 Managing the E-mail Monster 153 Using Adaptive Release 155 Creating a Work-Life Balance 155 14 Strategies for Blended Learning 159 Toward a New Way of Learning 159 Basic Blended Learning Models 160 Learning Variables on a Digital Scale 161 Example Activities for a Blended Environment 163 Designing Mixed Assignments 164 Using Online Tools to Make the Face-to-Face Classroom More Efficient 165 Choosing Your Tools 165 15 Training to Teach Online 169 The Process of Becoming an Online Teacher 169 Taking an Online Course 170 Online Training Courses and Professional Development Books 170 Teaching Part-Time Online 171 Taking on More Advanced Roles 172 What to Expect During the Transition 172 Finding a Mentor or Mentor Community 172 Avoiding Isolation and Connecting with Other Online Teachers 173 A iNACOL National Standards for Quality Online Courses 177 B Sample Syllabus 185 C iNACOL National Standards for Quality Online Teaching 193 D Frequently Asked Questions 209 References 213 Resources 215 Glossary 221 Acknowledgments 223 Index 225