Bringing together a variety of accomplished dental researchers, this book covers a range of topics germane to the study of human and other primate teeth. The chapters encompass work on individuals to samples, ranging from prehistoric to modern times. The focus throughout the book is the methodology required for the study of modern dental anthropology, comprising the scientific methods in use today - ranging from simple observation to advanced computer-based analyses - which can be utilized by the reader in their own dental research. Originating from the 20th anniversary meeting of the Dental Anthropology Association, this is a valuable reference source for graduate students, academic researchers and professionals in the social and life sciences, as well as clinicians.
Joel D. Irish is a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Greg C. Nelson is an adjunct assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Oregon.
Part I. Context: 1. Introduction Joel D. Irish and Greg C. Nelson; 2. History of dental anthropology G. Richard Scott and Christy G. Turner II; 3. Statistical applications in dental anthropology Edward F. Harris; Part II. Applications in Assessing Population Health: 4. Using Perikymata to estimate the duration of growth disruptions in fossil hominin teeth: issues of methodology and interpretation Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg; 5. Micro spatial distributions of lead and zinc in human deciduous tooth enamel Louise T. Humphrey, Teresa E. Jeffries, and M. Christopher Dean; 6. The current state of dental decay Simon Hillson; 7. Dental caries prevalence by sex in prehistory: magnitude and meaning John R. Lukacs and Linda M. Thompson; 8. Dental pathology prevalence and pervasiveness at Tepe Hissar: statistical utility for investigating inter-relationships between wealth, gender, and status Brian E. Hemphill; Part III. Applied Life and Population History: 9. Charting the chronology of developing dentitions Gary T. Schwartz and M. Christopher Dean; 10. Dental age revisited Helen M. Liversidge; 11. Primate dental topographic analysis and functional morphology Peter Ungar and Jonathan M. Bunn; 12. Forensic dental anthropology: issues and guidelines Christopher W. Schmidt; 13. Inter and intraspecific variation in pan tooth crown morphology: implications for neanderthal taxonomy Shara E. Bailey; 14. The quantitative genetic analysis of primate dental variation: history of the approach and prospects for the future Oliver T. Rizk, Sarah K. Amugongo, Michael C. Mahaney, and Leslea J. Hlusko; Part IV. Forefront of Technique: 15. Methods of ingestion and incisal designs Kalpana R. Agrawal, K. Y. Ang, Zhongquan Sui, Hugh T.W. Tan and Peter Lucas; 16. Dental reduction in late Pleistocene and early Holocene Hominids: alternative approaches to assessing tooth size Charles Fitzgerald and Simon Hillson; 17. Dental microwear analysis: historical perspectives and new approaches Peter S. Ungar, Robert S. Scott, Jessica R. Scott and Mark Teaford; 18. Virtual dentitions: touching the hidden evidence Roberto Macchiarelli, Luca Bondioli and Arnaud Mazurier.