Techniques in Mineral Exploration (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1979)

Techniques in Mineral Exploration (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1979)

By: J. H. Reedman (author)Paperback

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Description

For some years I have felt there was a need for a single, comprehen- sive, reference book on exploration geology. Numerous textbooks are available on subjects such as geophysical prospecting, exploration geochemistry, mining geology, photogeology and general economic geology, but, for the geologist working in mineral exploration, who does not require a specialist's knowledge, a general book on explora- tion techniques is needed. Many undergraduate university courses tend to neglect economic geology and few deal with the more prac- tical aspects in any detail. Graduate geologists embarking on a career in economic geology or mineral exploration are therefore often poorly equipped and have to learn a considerable amount 'on the job'. By providing a book that includes material which can be found in some of the standard texts together with a number of practical aspects not to be found elsewhere, I hope that both recent graduates and more experienced exploration geologists will find it a useful reference work and manual. In addition, students of economic geology and personnel working in related fields in the mining and mineral extraction in- dustries will find it informative. J. H. REEDMAN v Acknowledgements The author would like to thank Dr K. Fletcher, geochemist with the Department of Geology, University of British Columbia, and Kari Savario, geophysicist with Finnish Technical Aid to Zambia, for reading the original drafts and offering constructive criticism and advice on the chapters on geochemical and geophysical prospecting respectively.

Contents

1 Introduction: Mineral Resources and Exploration.- 1.1 Growth in Mineral Production.- 1.2 Metal Prices.- 1.3 Patterns of Production and Consumption.- 1.4 The Nature of Mineral Exploration.- 1.5 Mining and the Environment.- 2 Geological Mapping and Prospecting.- 2.1 The Importance of Geological Mapping and Prospecting.- 2.2 Traditional Prospecting Methods.- 3 Photogeology and Remote Sensing.- 3.1 Photogeology.- 3.2 Side-Looking Airborne Radar (SLAR).- 3.3 Satellite Photographs and Imagery.- 3.4 Thermal Imagery.- 3.5 Other Remote Detection Methods.- 3.6 Air Sampling Methods.- 4 Geochemical Prospecting.- 4.1 Distribution of Elements.- 4.2 Primary Dispersion.- 4.3 Secondary Dispersion.- 4.4 Soil Types.- 4.5 Statistical Treatment of Data.- 4.6 Drainage Surveys.- 4.7 Soil Surveys.- 4.8 Vegetation and Water Surveys.- 4.9 Analytical Methods.- 5 Deep Sampling Methods.- 5.1 Pitting and Trenching.- 5.2 Auger Drilling.- 5.3 Hand-Held Percussion Drills.- 5.4 Wagon Drilling.- 5.5 Banka Drilling.- 6 Geophysical Prospecting.- 6.1 Gravity Surveying.- 6.2 Magnetic Surveying.- 6.3 Resistivity Surveys.- 6.4 Induced Polarization (IP) Surveys.- 6.5 Electromagnetic (EM) Surveying.- 6.6 Self-Potential (SP) Surveys.- 6.7 Equipotential (EP) Surveys.- 6.8 Magneto-Telluric (MT) Surveys.- 6.9 Seismic Methods.- 6.10 Radiometric Surveying.- 6.11 Geothermal Methods.- 6.12 Well-Logging Techniques.- 7 Drilling Methods.- 7.1 Percussion Drilling.- 7.2 Chum Drilling.- 7.3 Diamond Drilling.- 7.4 Rotary Drilling.- 8 Surveying.- 8.1 Chaining.- 8.2 Compass and Tape Surveys.- 8.3 Determination of Elevation.- 8.4 Plane Table Surveying.- 8.5 Surveying Calculations.- 8.6 Measurements with a Theodolite.- 8.7 Measurement of Distance.- 8.8 Astronomical Surveying.- 9 Ore Reserve Calculations.- 9.1 Ore and Ore Reserves.- 9.2 Plan Methods.- 9.3 Cross-Sectional Methods.- 9.4 Steeply Dipping Ore Bodies.- 9.5 Ore Bodies of Variable Dip.- 9.6 Use of Ore Blocks.- 9.7 Cut-Off Grades.- 9.8 Tonnage Factor.- 9.9 Sampling for Grade Determination.- 10 Evaluation of Prospects.- 10.1 Mineral Dressing.- 10.2 Smelting and Refining of Ores.- 10.3 Mining Methods.- 10.4 Economic Feasibility Studies.- 10.5 Examination of Properties.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9789401098236
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 533
  • ID: 9789401098236
  • ISBN10: 9401098239
  • edition: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1979

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