This book tackles the issue of technological and economic catch-up by examining the role that public research institutions and local policy play in the promotion of this process by fostering local science-technology linkages with incoming foreign-owned multinationals.
Although the book comprises various techno-socio-economic contexts and different methodological perspectives, the authors share the idea that public research, educational and political institutions provide capabilities in basic research and training of highly skilled labour, while private corporations establish networking connections with scientific and professional communities (and therefore access to knowledge and contacts) in other parts of the world.
The book argues that despite being a peculiar feature of the new innovation model of the knowledge-based economy, the close relationship between knowledge transfer, innovation and economic growth has historically been an important mechanism in stimulating economic take-off and growth.
This collection of theoretical, historical and applied papers will be invaluable to students, researchers and academics with an interest in innovation issues.
Edited by Grazia D. Santangelo, University of Catania, Italy
Contents: Preface Introduction 1. The Economics of Localized Technological Change: The Role of Creative Adoption Part I: Local Science and Technology Policy 2. The Roles of Research in Universities and Public Labs in Economic Catch-up 3. The Development of Universities and Public Research Institutions: A Historical Overview of its Role in Technological and Economic Catch-up 4. Patenting in Public Research: An Evidence-based Reflection on IPRs and the Basic-Applied Research Trade-off Part II: International Business Linkages between Foreign-owned Multinationals and Local Actors 5. MNCs, Local Clustering and Science-Technology Relationships 6. Creating, Importing and Losing Competitive Advantage: Evidence from the Austrian Manufacturing Sector 7. Dynamic Capability, Innovation Networks and Foreign Firms: The Turkish Case 8. Multinationality and Innovative Behaviour in Italian Manufacturing Firms Part III: Catch-up and Innovative Activity in Backward Areas 9. Catching Up or Standing Still? National Innovative Productivity Among `Follower' Countries, 1978-1999 10. Positive Forces and Vicious Mechanisms Behind Innovative Activity in a Lagging Region 11. Universities and Economically Depressed Regions: How Strong is the Influence of the University of Evora on the Human Capital of the Region? Index