No nation in recent history has placed greater emphasis on the role of technology in planning and waging war than the United States. In World War II the wholesale mobilization of American science and technology culminated in the detonation of the atomic bomb. Competition with the Soviet Union during the Cold War, combined with the U.S. Navy's culture of distributed command and the rapid growth of information technology, spawned the concept of network-centric warfare. And America's post-Cold War conflicts in Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, and Afghanistan have highlighted America's edge. From the atom bomb to the spy satellites of the Cold War, the strategic limitations of the Vietnam War, and the technological triumphs of the Gulf war, Thomas G. Mahnken follows the development and integration of new technologies into the military and emphasizes their influence on the organization, mission, and culture of the armed services.
In some cases, advancements in technology have forced different branches of the military to develop competing or superior weaponry, but more often than not the armed services have molded technology to suit their own purposes, remaining resilient in the face of technological challenges. Mahnken concludes with an examination of the reemergence of the traditional American way of war, which uses massive force to engage the enemy. Tying together six decades of debate concerning U.S. military affairs, he discusses how the armed forces might exploit the unique opportunities of the information revolution in the future.
Thomas G. Mahnken is a professor of strategy at the U.S. Naval War College and a visiting fellow at the Merrill Center for Strategic Studies at The Johns Hopkins University's Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). Formerly, he served as the deputy assistant secretary of defense for policy planning.
Acknowledgments Introduction 1. The Nuclear Revolution, 1945-1960 2. Flexible Response, 1961-1975 3. Technology and the War in Vietnam, 1963-1975 4. Winning the Cold War, 1976-1990 5. The Gulf War and the Post-Cold War Era, 1991-2001 6. The Global War on Terrorism, 2001-2005 7. Technology and the American Way of War Notes Index