Temporary Structure Design

Temporary Structure Design

By: Christopher Souder (author)Hardback

1 - 2 weeks availability

Description

A comprehensive guide to temporary structures in construction projects Temporary Structure Design is the first book of its kind, presenting students and professionals with authoritative coverage of the major concepts in designing temporary construction structures. Beginning with a review of statistics, it presents the core topics needed to fully comprehend the design of temporary structures: strength of materials; types of loads on temporary structures; scaffolding design; soil properties and soil loading; soldier beam, lagging, and tiebacks; sheet piling and strutting; pressure and forces on formwork and falsework; concrete formwork design; falsework; bracing and guying; trestles and equipment bridges; and the support of existing structures. Temporary structures during construction include scaffolding, formwork, shoring, ramps, platforms, earth-retaining structures, and other construction structures that are not part of the permanent installation. These structures are less regulated and monitored than most other parts of the construction process, even though they are often supporting tons of steel or concrete and the safety of all workers on the site depends on these structures to perform as designed. Unfortunately, most tragic failures occur during construction and are usually the result of improperly designed, constructed, and/or maintained temporary structures. Temporary Structure Design fills an important need in the literature by providing a trusted, comprehensive guide to designing temporary construction structures. * Serves as the first book to provide a design-oriented approach to the design of temporary structures * Includes coverage of the various safety considerations inherent in temporary structure design and construction * Provides information on estimating cost and schedules for these specialized structures * Covers formwork and falsework, as well as personnel protection, production support, environmental protection, and foundational structures If you're a student or a professional working in the field of construction or structural engineering, Temporary Structure Design is a must-have resource you'll turn to again and again.

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About Author

CHRIS SOUDER is an Associate Professor of Construction Management at the California State University in Chico, CA, focusing on Temporary Structures and Scheduling and Project Controls. He is a sixteen-year veteran of construction management in the heavy civil industry with Kiewit, taking various leading roles in high revenue projects.

Contents

ABOUT THE AUTHOR xiii PREFACE xv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xvii 1 Statics Review 1 1.1. Statics Review 1 1.2. Units of Measure 1 1.2.1. Common Units of Measure 2 1.3. Statics 3 1.3.1. CentroidsCenter of Gravity 4 1.3.2. Properties of Sections 7 2 Strength of Materials Review 18 2.1. Stress 18 2.1.1. Normal Stress 18 2.1.2. Bending Stress 19 2.1.3. Shear Stress 19 2.1.4. Horizontal Shear Stress 20 2.1.5. Modulus of Elasticity 22 2.2. Bending Moments 22 2.2.1. Maximum Bending Moments 22 2.2.2. Maximum Shear 23 2.2.3. Law of Superposition 23 2.3. Materials 24 2.3.1. Factors of Safety 24 2.3.2. Grades of Steel 24 2.3.3. Compact Beam 25 2.3.4. Wood 26 2.4. Deflection 27 2.5. Shear and Moment Diagrams 28 2.6. Beam Design 34 2.6.1. Combined Stress 41 3 Types of Loads on Temporary Structures 45 3.1. Supports and Connections on Temporary Structures 45 3.1.1. Forces and Loads on Temporary Structures 47 3.1.2. Materials How Different Materials Create Different Forces 48 4 Scaffolding Design 59 4.1. Regulatory 59 4.2. Types of Scaffolding 59 4.3. Loading on Scaffolding 61 4.4. Scaffolding Factors of Safety 62 4.5. Scaffold Components 62 4.5.1. Planking 62 4.5.2. Bearers (Lateral Supports) 62 4.5.3. Runners 62 4.5.4. Posts 63 4.5.5. OSHA 63 4.6. Scaffold Design 63 4.6.1. Securing Scaffolding to the Structure 69 4.6.2. Hanging Scaffold 69 5 Soil Properties and Soil Loading 75 5.1. Soil Properties 75 5.1.1. Standard Penetration Test and Log of Test Borings 77 5.1.2. Unit Weights above and below the Water Table 78 5.1.3. Testing 81 5.2. Soil Loading 81 5.2.1. Soil Mechanics 81 5.2.2. Active Soil Pressure and Coefficient 82 5.2.3. Soil Pressure Theories 83 5.2.4. Soil Pressure Examples Using Rankine Theory 85 5.2.5. Soil Pressures Using State and Federal Department Standards 91 6 Soldier Beam, Lagging, and Tiebacks 104 6.1. System Description and Units of Measure 104 6.1.1. BeamsPiles 104 6.1.2. Lagging 105 6.1.3. Tiebacks 105 6.2. Materials 105 6.2.1. Steel AISC 105 6.2.2. Wood Species National Design Specifications (NDS) for Wood Construction 106 6.2.3. Lagging 108 6.2.4. Soldier Beam Design 112 6.2.5. Tiebacks and Soil Nails 121 7 Sheet Piling and Strutting 130 7.1. Sheet Piling Basics 130 7.1.1. Materials 130 7.1.2. System Description and Unit of Measure 130 7.1.3. Driving Equipment 133 8 Pressure and Forces on Formwork and Falsework 155 8.1. Properties of Materials 155 8.1.1. Unit Weights 155 8.1.2. Forces from Concrete Placement 157 9 Concrete Formwork Design 178 9.1. General Requirements 178 9.1.1. Concrete Specifications 178 9.1.2. Types and Costs of Forms in Construction 179 9.2. Formwork Design 180 9.2.1. Bending, Shear, and Deflection 180 9.2.2. Form Design Examples Using All-Wood Materials with Snap Ties or Coil Ties 191 9.2.3. Formwork Charts 199 9.2.4. Estimating Concrete Formwork 219 9.3. Conclusion 228 10 Falsework Design 229 10.1. Falsework Risks 229 10.1.1. Falsework Accidents 230 10.1.2. Falsework Review Process 233 10.1.3. Falsework Design Criteria 235 10.1.4. Load Paths for Falsework Design 236 10.1.5. Falsework Design Using Formwork Charts 242 10.1.6. Bridge Project 262 11 Bracing and Guying 267 11.1. Rebar Bracing and Guying 268 11.2. Form Bracing with Steel Pipe and Concrete Deadmen 269 11.2.1. Life Application of Friction Forces 278 11.3. Rebar Guying on Highway Projects 279 11.4. Alternate Anchor Method 289 12 Trestles and Equipment Bridges 300 12.1. Basic Composition of a Standard Trestle 300 12.1.1. Foundation Pipe, H Pile, and Wide-Flange and Composite Piles 301 12.1.2. Cap Beams Wide-Flange Beams with Stiffeners 301 12.1.3. StringersGirders Wide-Flange Beams Braced Together 303 12.1.4. Lateral Bracing 303 12.1.5. Decking Timber or Precast Concrete Panels 306 12.1.6. Environmental Concerns 308 12.1.7. Stringer Design 325 12.1.8. Star Pile Design and Properties 340 12.2. Other Projects Utilizing Methods of Access 341 12.3. Conclusion 343 13 Support of Existing Structures 344 13.1. Basic Building Materials 345 13.1.1. Example 13.1 Pipe Unit Weight 346 13.1.2. Example 13.2 Existing Water Treatment Plant 347 13.1.3. Example 13.3 Temporary Pipe Supports 354 Appendixes 369 Appendix 1: Steel Beams (AISC) 371 Appendix 2: Steel Pipe 391 Appendix 3: H Pile (AISC) 393 Appendix 4: Allowable Buckling Stress 395 Appendix 5: Sheet Pile (Skyline) 397 Appendix 6: Wood Properties 401 Appendix 7: Formwork Charts (Williams) 404 Appendix 8: Form Hardware Values (Williams) 412 Appendix 9: Aluminum Beams (Aluma) 422 INDEX 425

Product Details

  • publication date: 30/12/2014
  • ISBN13: 9781118905586
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 456
  • ID: 9781118905586
  • weight: 750
  • ISBN10: 111890558X

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

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