In the early twentieth century, university administrators and educators regarded bodily health as a marker of an individual's moral and mental strength and as a measure of national vitality. Beset by social anxieties about the physical and moral health of their students, they introduced compulsory health services and physical education programs in order to shape their students' character. Tending the Student Body examines the development of these health programs at Canadian universities and the transformation of their goals over the first half of the twentieth century from fostering moral character to promoting individualism, self-realization, and mental health. Drawing on extensive records from Canadian universities, Catherine Gidney examines the gender and class dynamics of these programs, their relationship to changes in medical and intellectual thought, and their contribution to ideas about the nature and fulfilment of the self. Her research will be of interest to historians of medicine, gender, sport, and higher education.
Catherine Gidney is an adjunct professor in the Department of History at St. Thomas University.
Introduction 1. Institutional Development of Student Health Programs 2. Ailments and Epidemics 3. Physical Culture and Character Formation 4. Health in Home and Body 5. Female Students' Health and the Creation of New Occupational Opportunities for Women 6. Changing Contexts and Programs, 1930s to 1960s 7. Shifting Health Priorities: Tuberculosis and Mental Health 8. From Character to Personality: Changing Visions of Citizenship, 1940s to 1960s Conclusion Appendix A: Physical Training at the University of Toronto