Terrorism poses an undeniable threat to societies throughout the world today. Martyr terrorism, the fastest growing form of terrorist activity, and arguably the most effective, has become a regular occurrence. But how has terrorist activity evolved in the last 100 years, and what are the ethical costs of terrorism? In this informative book, three philosophers, all experts on the ethics of conflict, examine the various definitions of terrorism and the nature of martyr terrorism. Through accounts of terrorist campaigns, from 19th century Russian terrorism, to the 20th century campaigns in Ireland , Israel and Greece , and contemporary campaigns in Chechnya , Afghanistan and Iraq , this fascinating book explores the ethical implications of terrorism from a philosophical perspective. Setting out the social, psychological and political causes of terrorism, the book interrogates the cases for and against terrorist activity in terms of just war theory. Articulate, provocative and stimulating, this timely book is an ideal introduction to an important contemporary social issue.
Nicholas Fotion is Professor of Philosophy at Emory University, USA. He has published widely on the ethics of military action. He is also author of John Searle in Acumen's Philosopher Now series. Boris Kashnikov is a professor at the Moscow Higher School of Economics. Joanne K. Lekea has a PhD in Military Ethics. She is currently a lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Athens.
Preface; Chapter 1 Terrorism; On Defining Terrorism; Our Rough Characterization; Problem; Summary, So Far; Ethical Implications; Chapter 2 Suicide/Martyr Terrorism; Various Kinds of Martyrs; Modern Martyr/Suicide Terrorists; Answering Questions; Chapter 3 Cases from the Recent Past; Russian Terrorism of the Late 19th and the Beginning of the 20th; Century; Blockades: World War I; Bombing of Germany in World War II; Kamikaze; The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA); Aceh; Greek Terrorism.