This text illuminates the long history of human activity in the southern Levant and the long-standing connection between the Museum of Art and Archaeology at the University of Missouri-Columbia and the archaeology of the Palestinian region. Under the direction of the Museum's founders, Drs. Saul and Gladys Weinberg, the Museum's own pioneering excavations, particularly at Jamane and Tel Anafa, are also highlighted. The objects detailed here range in date from the fourth millennium B.C.E. to the eighth-century C.E., and encompass 2,500 years of epochs including the Bronze and Iron Ages, as well as Persian, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine influence. The Weinbergs' tenure at the museum, followed by that of Dr. Jane Biers, resulted in the acquisition of nearly 900 objects from the Levant, attesting to the much wider scope of these three scholars' interests. For the final publication, an impressive roster of additional scholars contributed their expertise to various areas. Illustrated with seventeen color plates and more than two hundred black-and-white photos. Jane Biers is Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Art History and Archaeology at the University of Missouri-Columbia. James Terry is Assistant Professor of Art, Stephens College.