Texas Amphibians: A Field Guide (Texas Natural History Guides (TM))

Texas Amphibians: A Field Guide (Texas Natural History Guides (TM))

By: Bob L. Tipton (author), Travis J. LaDuc (author), Toby J. Hibbitts (author), Terry L. Hibbitts (author), Troy D. Hibbitts (author)Paperback

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Description

With a wide variety of habitats ranging from southeastern swamps to western deserts, Texas is home to numerous species of frogs, toads, and salamanders. Each area of Texas has a particular set of species that has evolved there over thousands of years. Indeed, most amphibians are not very mobile, and many live their entire lives within a few square meters. This makes them particularly vulnerable to environmental degradation and habitat destruction. Texas Amphibians is the only field guide focused exclusively on the state's frogs, toads, and salamanders. It presents brief, general accounts of the two orders and fifteen families. Then it identifies each of the seventy-two species in detail, including size, description, voice (if applicable), similar species, distribution (with maps), natural history, reproduction, subspecies (if applicable), and comments and conservation information. Color photographs illustrate the species. The book also includes a general introduction to amphibian natural history, conservation, observation and collection, maintenance in captivity, museum and preserved specimens, and scientific and common names, as well as scientific keys to Texas salamanders and frogs and a generic key to amphibian larvae. This wealth of information, compiled by a team of experts who collectively have over a century of experience in field herpetology, will increase our appreciation for amphibians and the vital role they play as an early indicator of threats to the quality of the environment that we all share.

About Author

The late Bob L. Tipton was a businessman, author, and research associate at the Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection at Texas A&M University. Terry L. Hibbitts, a trained biologist, is an Honorary Life Member, past president, and current editor of the Texas Herpetological Society. Troy D. Hibbitts, a high school science teacher, is a past president and current member of the Texas Herpetological Society. He coauthored Texas Amphibians: A Field Guide and Texas Lizards: A Field Guide. Toby J. Hibbitts is Biological Curator at Texas A&M University's Biodiversity Research and Teaching Collections. His research focus is behavioral and comparative ecology of amphibians and reptiles. Travis J. LaDuc is Assistant Curator of Herpetology at the Texas Natural Science Center at the University of Texas at Austin.

Contents

FOREWORD BY JAMES R. DIXON ACKNOWLEDGMENTS INTRODUCTION Natural History Seasonality Habitat Reproduction Loss and Regeneration of Body Parts Glands, Toxins, and Chemical Defenses Conservation Habitat Destruction Pollution Introduced Species Collecting and Trade of Animals as a Cause of Decline Chytridiomycosis Observing and Collecting Amphibians Observing Amphibians Photographing Amphibians Collecting Amphibians Legal Aspects of Collecting Amphibians Permits and Collecting Amphibians in Texas Threatened, Endangered, or Protected Nongame Species Maintenance of Amphibians Maintaining Amphibians in Captivity Creating a Natural Setting Handling Amphibians Museum and Preserved Amphibian Specimens Scientific and Common Names KEYS Key to the Salamanders of Texas Key to the Frogs of Texas Generic Key to Amphibian Larvae SYSTEMATIC ACCOUNTS Order Caudata: Salamanders Family Ambystomidae: Mole Salamanders Spotted Salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) Barred Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma mavortium) Marbled Salamander (Ambystoma opacum) Mole Salamander (Ambystoma talpoideum) Small-mouthed Salamander (Ambystoma texanum) Eastern Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) Family Amphiumidae: Amphiumas Three-toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma tridactylum) Family Plethodontidae: Lungless Salamanders Salado Salamander (Eurycea chisholmensis) Cascade Caverns Salamander (Eurycea latitans) San Marcos Salamander (Eurycea nana) Georgetown Salamander (Eurycea naufragia) Texas Salamander (Eurycea neotenes) Fern Bank Salamander (Eurycea pterophila) Dwarf Salamander (Eurycea quadridigitata) Texas Blind Salamander (Eurycea rathbuni) Blanco Blind Salamander (Eurycea robusta) Barton Springs Salamander (Eurycea sosorum) Jollyville Plateau Salamander (Eurycea tonkawae) Comal Blind Salamander (Eurycea tridentifera) Valdina Farms Salamander (Eurycea troglodytes) Austin Blind Salamander (Eurycea waterlooensis) Comal Springs Salamander (Eurycea species #1) Pedernales River Springs Salamander (Eurycea species #2) Southern Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus auriculatus) Western Slimy Salamander (Plethodon albagula) Family Proteidae: Waterdogs, or Mudpuppies Gulf Coast Waterdog (Necturus beyeri) Family Salamandridae: Newts Black-spotted Newt (Notophthalmus meridionalis) Eastern Newt (Notophthalmus viridescens) Family Sirenidae: Sirens Lesser Siren (Siren intermedia) Rio Grande Siren (Siren species "Rio Grande") Order Anura: Frogs Family Bufonidae: True Toads American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus) Great Plains Toad (Anaxyrus cognatus) Green Toad (Anaxyrus debilis) Fowler's Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) Houston Toad (Anaxyrus houstonensis) Red-spotted Toad (Anaxyrus punctatus) Texas Toad (Anaxyrus speciosus) Woodhouse's Toad (Anaxyrus woodhousii) Gulf Coast Toad (Incilius nebulifer) Cane Toad (Rhinella marina) Family Hylidae: Tree Frogs Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans) Canyon Treefrog (Hyla arenicolor) Cope's Gray Treefrog (Hyla chrysoscelis) Green Treefrog (Hyla cinerea) Squirrel Treefrog (Hyla squirella) Gray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor) Spotted Chorus Frog (Pseudacris clarkii) Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) Upland Chorus Frog (Pseudacris feriarum) Strecker's Chorus Frog (Pseudacris streckeri) Mexican Treefrog (Smilisca baudinii) Family Craugastoridae: Northern Rain Frogs Barking Frog (Craugastor augusti) Family Eleutherodactylidae: Robber Frogs Rio Grande Chirping Frog (Syrrhophus cystignathoides) Spotted Chirping Frog (Syrrhophus guttilatus) Cliff Chirping Frog (Syrrhophus marnockii) Family Leptodactylidae: Neotropical Grass Frogs Mexican White-lipped Frog (Leptodactylus fragilis) Family Microhylidae: Narrow-mouthed Toads Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis) Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad (Gastrophryne olivacea) Sheep Frog (Hypopachus variolosus) Family Scaphiopodidae: Spadefoots Couch's Spadefoot (Scaphiopus couchii) Hurter's Spadefoot (Scaphiopus hurterii) Plains Spadefoot (Spea bombifrons) Mexican Spadefoot (Spea multiplicata) Family Ranidae: True Frogs Crawfish Frog (Lithobates areolatus) Rio Grande Leopard Frog (Lithobates berlandieri) Plains Leopard Frog (Lithobates blairi) American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans) Pig Frog (Lithobates grylio) Pickerel Frog (Lithobates palustris) Southern Leopard Frog (Lithobates sphenocephalus) Family Rhinophrynidae: Burrowing Toads Mexican Burrowing Toad (Rhinophrynus dorsalis) APPENDIX A. POSSIBLE ADDITIONAL SPECIES FOR TEXAS APPENDIX B. LEARNING MORE ABOUT AMPHIBIANS: RESOURCES GLOSSARY BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX OF COMMON NAMES INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780292737358
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 330
  • ID: 9780292737358
  • weight: 482
  • ISBN10: 0292737351

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