The UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters - known ubiquitously as the Aarhus Convention - is having an ever-increasing influence on domestic and EU environmental law and procedure. Recent years have seen a steady flow of case law from the UK courts, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee, a raft of civil procedure reforms in response to concerns about whether the costs rules in domestic environmental litigation are compatible with the Convention and an infraction by the European Commission against the UK alleging various systemic breaches. Even the EU itself has been the subject of a ruling by the Compliance Committee that the CJEU's rules on standing for judicial review of EU legislation are too narrow to comply with the Convention. This book, written by several of the leading experts in the field, provides a comprehensive guide to the implementation of the Convention in each of the UK's jurisdictions, the three pillars of the Convention (access to information, public participation and access to justice) and the mechanisms by which the rights under the Convention can be enforced.
Charles Banner is a barrister at Landmark Chambers and a College Lecturer in EU Law at Regents Park College, University of Oxford.
1. The Aarhus Convention: An Overview Charles Banner The Implementation of the Aarhus Convention in the UK 2. The Aarhus Convention in England and Wales Brian KA Ruddie 3. The Aarhus Convention in Scotland Lorna Drummond QC 4. The Aarhus Convention in Northern Ireland-A Tale of Two Polities William Orbinson QC 5. The Aarhus Convention and the European Union Professor Ludwig Kramer The Substantive Rights 6. Access to and Collection of Environmental Information David Blundell 7. Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making, Plan-Making and Executive Regulations-Articles 6, 7 and 8 of the Aarhus Convention Simon Ricketts and Juliet Munn 8. Access to Justice: Review Procedures and Costs James Maurici QC 9. The Aarhus Convention and NGOs Carol Day Review of Parties' Compliance with the Aarhus Convention 10. The Aarhus Convention Compliance Mechanism and Proceedings before its Compliance Committee Veit Koester Appendices 1. The Aarhus Convention 2. Decision I/7 of the Meeting of the Parties to the Aarhus Convention 3. Format for Communications to the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee 4. Regulation 1049/2001/EC on public access to Parliament, Council and Commission documents 5. Regulation 1367/2006 on the application of the Aarhus Convention to Community institutions and bodies 6. Directive 2003/4 (the Environmental Information Directive) 7. Directive 2003/35/EC (the Public Participation Directive) 8. Directive 2011/92/EU (the Codified Environmental Impact Assessment Directive) 9. Directive 2001/42/EC (the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive) 10. Civil Procedure Rules, Rule 45 Section VII, Practice Direction 45 Section VII, and rule 52.9A 11. Rules of the Court of Session, Chapter 58A 12. The Costs Protection (Aarhus Convention) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2013 13. Tabular analysis of the Meeting of the Parties' Consideration of the Compliance Committee's Findings in Communications and Referrals Concerning the Parties ' Compliance 14. List of Useful Weblinks Relating to the Aarhus Convention