As pertinent today as when it was initially published by Harper and Row in 1983, this book derives from the author's more than fifteen years as an educator. It seeks a moderate course through the same chaotic American educational scene, by making a claim for the primacy of philosophy over empirical studies. It places psychology and sociology in their secondary roles as important in shedding light on areas that have already been philosophically explicated. The content is aimed most specifically at student teachers, particularly in the foundations and philosophy of education, though of interest and value to practicing teachers, administrators and supervisors. Interests, growths and needs are taken into account when curriculum is being considered. Freedom and discipline are examined when social control is analyzed.