World War II was crucial in the development of the emerging Civil Rights movement, whether through the economic and social impact of the war, or through demands for equality in the military. This period was characterized by an intense transformation of black hopes and expectations, encouraged by real socio-economic shifts and departures in federal policy. During the war, black self consciousness found powerful expression in new movements such as the "Double V" campaign that linked the fight for democracy at home for the fight for democracy abroad.
Neil A. Wynn is professor of 20th century American history at the University of Gloucestershire in Cheltenham, UK, and author of a number of books, including The Afro-American and the Second World War. He has also edited a number of historical dictionaries for Scarecrow Press.
Introduction: The African American and War in Historical Context Chapter 1: African Americans on the Eve of War: From New Negro to New Deal, 1920-1939 Chapter 2: Mobilizing for War: the Arsenal of Democracy and the Struggle for Inclusion Chapter 3: Fighting for Freedom: Changing Military Policy and Experience, 1940-1945 Chapter 4: Conflict on the Home Front: Resistance, Riot and Social Change Chapter 5: The Postwar Years and Changing Civil Rights: "An American Dilemma" Documents Bibliographic Essay