As a result of the slave trade, through which the vast majority of African immigrants were involuntarily transported to America, the history of African Americans is one rooted in controversy and strife. After the Civil War when Abraham Lincoln abolished the institution of slavery, African Americans began the struggle for civil rights and social and cultural equality in the United States, a struggle that continues to this day despite the gains of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. The election of Barack Obama in 2008 to the American presidency is hopeful evidence, however, of the amalgamation of African American interests in the country's political system. The African Americans explores this particular ethnic group, presenting a remarkable array of valuable information, including entertainment, work, education, and the contributions and conflicts of African Americans to society. This informative new volume details their social history, customs, and traditions and is enhanced by further reading lists, box features, black-and-white photographs, and more.