The Argentina Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers)

The Argentina Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers)

By: Gabriela Nouzeilles (editor), Graciela Montaldo (editor)Paperback

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Excessively European, refreshingly European, not as European as it looks, struggling to overcome a delusion that it is European. Argentina-in all its complexity-has often been obscured by variations of the "like Europe and not like the rest of Latin America" cliche. The Argentina Reader deliberately breaks from that viewpoint. This essential introduction to Argentina's history, culture, and society provides a richer, more comprehensive look at one of the most paradoxical of Latin American nations: a nation that used to be among the richest in the world, with the largest middle class in Latin America, yet one that entered the twenty-first century with its economy in shambles and its citizenry seething with frustration. This diverse collection brings together songs, articles, comic strips, scholarly essays, poems, and short stories. Most pieces are by Argentines. More than forty of the texts have never before appeared in English. The Argentina Reader contains photographs from Argentina's National Archives and images of artwork by some of the country's most talented painters and sculptors. Many selections deal with the history of indigenous Argentines, workers, women, blacks, and other groups often ignored in descriptions of the country. At the same time, the book includes excerpts by or about such major political figures as Jose de San Martin and Juan Peron. Pieces from literary and social figures virtually unknown in the United States appear alongside those by more well-known writers such as Jorge Luis Borges, Ricardo Piglia, and Julio Cortazar. The Argentina Reader covers the Spanish colonial regime; the years of nation building following Argentina's independence from Spain in 1810; and the sweeping progress of economic growth and cultural change that made Argentina, by the turn of the twentieth century, the most modern country in Latin America. The bulk of the collection focuses on the twentieth century: on the popular movements that enabled Peronism and the revolutionary dreams of the 1960s and 1970s; on the dictatorship from 1976 to 1983 and the accompanying culture of terror and resistance; and, finally, on the contradictory and disconcerting tendencies unleashed by the principles of neoliberalism and the new global economy. The book also includes a list of suggestions for further reading. The Argentina Reader is an invaluable resource for those interested in learning about Argentine history and culture, whether in the classroom or in preparation for travel in Argentina.

About Author

Gabriela Nouzeilles is Assistant Professor of Romance Studies at Duke University. Graciela Montaldo is Professor of Languages and Literatures at the Universidad Simon Bolivar.


Acknowledgments xiii General Introduction 1 I. At the Margins of the Empire 15 The Deeds of Elal / Anonymous 19 Going Wild / Ulderico Schmidt 23 Monsters in Patagonia / Antonio Pigafetta 27 Women Captives / Ruy Diaz de Guzman 30 The Jesuit Mission / Father Strobel 34 A Gaucho Sings the Victories of the Empire / Juan Baltasar Maciel 38 The First British Invasion / Mariquita Sanchez de Thompson 40 II. To Build a Nation 43 The Revolution / Tulio Halperin Donghi 47 The Landowners' Petition / Mariano Moreno 66 The Good Citizen / Jose de San Martin 71 Women in the Fatherland / Juana Manuela Gorriti 73 The Caudillo's Order / Juan Manuel de Rosas 75 Civilization or Barbarism? / Domingo Faustino Sarmiento 80 Rosas and Washington / Pedro de Angelis 91 The Black Girl / Anonymous 93 Immigration as a Means of Progress / Juan Bautista Alberdi 95 III. Frontiers 103 The Slaughterhouse / Esteban Echeverria 107 Wars of Extermination / Charles Darwin 115 The Triple Alliance / Captain Francisco Seeber 119 One Hundred Leagues of Trench / Alfred Ebelot 126 Gauchos in and out of the State / Jose Hernandez 133 An Expedition to the Ranquel Indians / Lucio V. Mansilla 146 Letter to the President / Chief Manuel Namuncura 154 IV. Splendor and Fin de Siecle 157 The Foundation of the National State / David Vinas 161 The Paris of South America / James Scobie 170 The Modern Crowd / Jose Maria Ramos Mejia 182 Making It in America / Oreste Sola 188 The Jewish Gauchos / Alberto Gerchunoff 193 The Birth of Tango / Simon Collier 196 Bourgeois Snakes / Jose Ingenieros 203 Argentina as Latin American Avant-Garde / Ruben Dario 206 National Identity in a Cosmopolitan Society / Leopoldo Lugones 209 V. Modern Times 215 Simon Radowitzky / Osvaldo Bayer 219 The Union Civica Radical / David Rock 231 Poems to Be Read on a Trolley Car / Oliverio Girondo 251 Modern Women / Alfonsina Storni 254 X-Ray of the Pampa / Ezequiel Martinez Estrada 259 Soccer and Popular Joy / Roberto Arlt 263 Cambalache / Enrique Santos Discepolo 266 VI. Populism and New Nationalism 269 Peron and the People / Daniel James 273 Saint Evita / Tomas Eloy Martinez 296 Ramona's Revenge / Lino Palacio 304 Funes, the Memorious / Jorge Luis Borges 306 Victorian Fathers / Victoria Ocampo 313 The Foreign Gaze / Witold Gombrowicz 319 Village on the River / Juan L. Ortiz 324 House Taken Over / Julio Cortazar 328 Operation Massacre / Rodlfo Walsh 333 VII. Revolutionary Dreams 341 The Latin American Revolution according to "Che" / Ernesto "Che" Guevara 345 Are We All Neurotic? / Anonymous 352 Tucuman Is Burning / Maria Teresa Gramuglio and Nicolas Rosa 358 The Cordobazo / Agustin Tosco 364 The Words of Silence / Alejandra Pizarnik 372 The Muleteer / Atahualpa Yupanqui 375 Montoneros: Soldiers of Peron / Richard Gillespie 377 Antirevolutionary Peronism / Juan Domingo Peron 386 VIII. State Violence 395 Modernization and Military Coups / Guillermo O'Donnell 399 Artificial Respiration / Ricardo Piglia 421 The Madwomen at the Plaza de Mayo / Hebe de Bonafini and Matilde Sanchez 429 Never Again / National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons 440 Still Harboring / Juan Gelman 448 In a State of Memory / Tununa Mercado 450 Corpses / Nestor Perlongher 457 War in the South Atlantic / Graciela Speranza and Fernando Cittadini 465 IX. Democracy and Neoliberalism 473 Teaching the Republic / Raul Alfonsin 477 Living with Inflation / Osvaldo Soriano 481 Menem: A New Style in Politics / Vicente Palermo and Marcos Novaro 487 The Journalist as the People's Detective / Horacio Gonzalez 495 Roadblocks, Detours, and Crossroads / Rodolfo Rabanal 500 X. Argentina in the Age of Globalization: New Citizenships and the Politics of Memory 505 We Are All Cursed / Javier Auyero 509 Soccer and Masculinity / Eduardo Archetti 519 Amerindian Rights / State Law of Indigenous Rights 525 Feminist Awakenings / Marcela Nari 528 The Children of Death / Maria Moreno and Marta Dillon 538 Active Memory / Laura Ginsberg 544 Infinity / Cesar Aira 549 Postmodern Forgetfulness / Beatriz Sarlo 553 Suggestions for Further Readings 557 Acknowledgment of Copyrights 565 Index 571

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780822329145
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 600
  • ID: 9780822329145
  • ISBN10: 082232914X

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